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The marriage of toxicology and genomics has created not only opportunities but also novel informatics challenges. As with the larger field of gene expression analysis, toxicogenomics faces the problems of probe annotation and data comparison across different array platforms. Toxicogenomics studies are generally built on standard toxicology studies(More)
Nitrogen mustards alkylate DNA primarily at the N7 position of guanine. Using an approach analogous to that of the Maxam-Gilbert procedure for DNA sequence analysis, we have examined the relative frequencies of alkylation for a number of nitrogen mustards at different guanine-N7 sites on a DNA fragment of known sequence. Most nitrogen mustards were found to(More)
Clinical proteomics has yielded some early positive results-the identification of potential disease biomarkers-indicating the promise for this analytical approach to improve the current state of the art in clinical practice. However, the inability to verify some candidate molecules in subsequent studies has led to skepticism among many clinicians and(More)
Quantitative determinations were carried out of the relative reaction rates of several nitrogen mustards at various guanine-N7 positions in DNA fragments of known sequence. The findings suggest structural hypotheses of the origins of the reaction selectivities. End-labeled DNA fragments were reacted with nitrogen mustards, and the guanine-N7 alkylation(More)
On the surface, transcript profiling using microarrays seems to offer a way of looking at the global response of the cell to perturbation, with a focus on changes in gene expression. The difficulty, however, is that the response of a particular gene is actually measured on the array by an element that is a short, defined nucleic acid sequence. Sequences(More)
Studies in rats have demonstrated that modest underlying inflammation can precipitate idiosyncratic-like liver injury from the histamine 2-receptor antagonist, ranitidine (RAN). Coadministration to rats of nonhepatotoxic doses of RAN and the inflammagen, bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), results in hepatocellular injury. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
Foodborne illnesses occur in both industrialized and developing countries, and may be increasing due to rapidly evolving food production practices. Yet some primary tools used to assess food safety are decades, if not centuries, old. To improve the time to result for food safety assessment a sensitive flow cytometer based system to detect microbial(More)
Addressing safety concerns such as drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI) early in the drug pharmaceutical development process ensures both patient safety and efficient clinical development. We describe a unique adjunct to standard safety assessment wherein the metabolite profile of treated animals is compared with the MetaMap Tox metabolomics database in order(More)
The DNA damage and the sequence specificity of guanine-N7 alkylation produced by the novel, positively charged, antineoplastic agent 1,4-bis(2'-chloroethyl)-1,4-diazabicyclo-[2.2.1] heptane dimaleate (Dabis maleate) and its uncharged tertiary amine analogue 1,4-bis(2'-chloroethyl)-1,4-diazacyclohexane (Dabis analogue) were investigated in L1210 cells and(More)
Various kinds of DNA damage block the 3' to 5' exonuclease action of both E. coli exonuclease III and T4 DNA polymerase. This study shows that a variety of DNA damage likewise inhibits DNA digestion by lambda exonuclease, a 5' to 3' exonuclease. The processive degradation of DNA by the enzyme is blocked if the substrate DNA is treated with ultraviolet(More)
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