W. B. Gilboy

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X-ray micro-tomography is a well-established technique for non-invasive imaging and evaluation of heterogeneous materials. An inexpensive X-ray micro-tomography system has been designed and built for the specific purposes of examining root growth and root/soil interactions. The system uses a silver target X-ray source with a focal spot diameter of 80 μm, an(More)
An X-ray micro-tomography system has been designed that is dedicated to the low-dose imaging of radiation sensitive living organisms and has been used to image the early development of the first few days of plant development immediately after germination. The system is based on third-generation X-ray micro-tomography system and consists of an X-ray tube,(More)
Optimization of X-ray beam tube potential (kVp) in radiological examinations can minimize patient dose. This research aims to investigate the effect of tube potential variation on gonad doses to patients during posteroanterior (PA) chest radiography examinations. This study was carried out using a Toshiba general purpose X-ray unit and a Rando phantom. Dose(More)
Appropriate use of the "anode heel effect" of the output beam from an X-ray tube can reduce the effective dose to patients in some common radiological examinations. We investigated the variation in radiation intensity across the X-ray beam caused by the anode heel effect, and quantified the difference in absorbed dose to critical organs resulting from(More)
Methods based on magnetic resonance imaging for the measurement of three-dimensional distributions of radiation dose are highly developed. However, relatively little work has been done on optical computed tomography (OCT). This paper describes a new OCT scanner based on a broad beam light source and a two-dimensional charge-coupled device (CCD) detector. A(More)
Accurate determination of the spatial distribution of the absorbed dose of ionising radiation plays an important role in radiotherapy, industrial radiation processing and many other applications. Computer calculations have frequently been used to estimate three-dimensional (3D) dose distributions in complex geometries and it becomes important to validate(More)
This paper describes techniques that can be used to improve the ratio of fluorescence to bremsstrahlung radiation (F/B) in X-ray tube spectra. Firstly, an extension of the EGS4 code system is used to evaluate the impact of the substrate in thin target applications, in terms of the yield of bremsstrahlung photons produced. The choice of materials to filter(More)