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The pattern of innervation of the caudal thoracic and cranial lumbar vertebral column of the dog is described. Frozen sections stained with Schofield's silver impregnation method show that the dorsal longitudinal ligament is profusely innervated, while the anulus fibrosus contains a few nerves limited to its outermost layers; no nerves are present in the… (More)
External ear canal volumes of 50 dogs were measured by tympanography. Comparison between each dog's weight and ear volume revealed a linear increase in volume with increasing weight up to 10 kg. At weights greater than 11 kg, ear volumes did not increase. After ear canal measurement, the tympanic membranes of 30 of the dogs were punctured, permitting… (More)
In a survey of 250 dogs, a lymph node, designated buccal lymph node, was identified in 8.8% of the dogs examined. Anatomic features and drainage patterns are described.