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The endoperoxides are a new class of antimalarial agents, of which artemisinin (qinghaosu) is the prototype. We have previously shown that artemisinin is capable of alkylating proteins in model reactions. In the present study, we showed that when Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes are treated with a radiolabeled antimalarial endoperoxide, either(More)
The interaction between artemisinin and human serum was studied in vitro using [3H]dihydroartemisinin and [14C]artemisinin. Approximately 20% of added drug was covalently bound to albumin in 24 hr. The results of electrospray ionization mass spectra showed that albumin had an M(r) value of 66,745 +/- 35 and the drug-bound albumin had an M(r) of 67,223 +/-(More)
Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHOD) is a key enzyme in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis and the major source of electrons for the mitochondrial electron transport chain of intraerythrocytic malaria parasites. DHOD and the electron transport chain may also be the site of inhibition by certain antimalarial drugs. In order to test this, Plasmodium(More)
Plasmodium falciparum, P. knowlesi and P. chabaudi showed a significant activity of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). The presence of this enzyme completes the methionine synthesis cycle, in which the one-carbon fragment from serine side-chain can be transferred to methionine. However, while metabolic labelling of methionine from L-3 [14C]serine(More)
Malarial hemozoin may play an important role as a target for antimalarial drugs and in disease pathogenesis. A new assay for hemozoin was developed in which the hemozoin was separated from cells by filtration. Trophozoites have substantially more hemozoin than rings, but there are relatively small differences between chloroquine-sensitive and(More)
Artemisinin (qinghaosu) and its derivatives are endoperoxide-containing compounds that are an important new class of antimalarial drugs. Tritiated dihydroartemisinin is taken up and concentrated by isolated red cell membranes but not by intact erythrocytes. More than half of the membrane-associated drug can be released by treatment with phospholipase A2(More)
Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHOD) is a pyrimidine biosynthetic enzyme which is usually directly linked to the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Antimalarial naphthoquinones such as atovaquone (566c80) inhibit malarial DHOD by inhibiting electron transport. Since atovaquone also has therapeutic activity against Pneumocystis carinii, the P. carinii DHOD may(More)
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