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Quorum-sensing systems regulate the expression of virulence factors in a wide variety of plant and animal pathogens, including members of the Enterobacteriaceae. Studies of Shigella virulence gene expression have demonstrated that maximal expression of genes encoding the type III secretion system and its substrates and maximal activity of this virulence(More)
The ability of Campylobacter jejuni to penetrate normally nonphagocytic host cells is believed to be a key virulence determinant. Recently, kinetics of C. jejuni intracellular survival have been described and indicate that the bacterium can persist and multiply within epithelial cells and macrophages in vitro. Studies conducted by Pesci et al. indicate that(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying peripheral neuropathies have only been partially elucidated. In particular, the regulatory factors that control the stability and turnover of mature myelin are largely unknown. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1), and its associated receptors, are expressed by mature Schwann cells. On this basis, we postulated(More)
Thirty separate preparations of human Tamm-Horsfall urinary glycoprotein (THP) prepared from pooled urine of normal individuals were assessed for the capacity to stimulate in vitro blast transformation with normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Detailed studies were performed on some of these preparations by various biochemical, ultrastructural and in(More)
Adherence of neutrophils to glomerular basement membrane containing immunoglobulin G aggregates was accompanied by a marked increase in oxygen uptake (eightfold). Very little of the O2 consumed was recovered as superoxide, measured by cytochrome c reduction, or as H2O2, measured with horseradish peroxidase and scopoletin. When neutrophils were incubated(More)
Fenestrated endothelium lining liver sinusoids forms an ultrastructural sieve between blood and hepatocytes which at physiological perfusion pressures has previously been shown to shield hepatocytes from large triglyceride-rich chylomicrons. In the study reported in this paper, enlargement of endothelial fenestrae at high perfusion pressures has been(More)
We report histological changes in four patients with port wine stains treated with 578 nm yellow light from a high power copper vapour laser. Histology showed that selective damage occurred to the ectatic blood-vessels in the dermis, without haemorrhage and damage to non-vascular structures, and without scarring. The initial damage to the overlying(More)
Pathoadaptive mutations improve the fitness of pathogenic species by modification of traits that interfere with factors (virulence and ancestral) required for survival in host tissues. A demonstrated pathoadaptive mutation is the loss of lysine decarboxylase (LDC) expression in Shigella species that have evolved from LDC-expressing Escherichia coli.(More)
Comparative studies of glomerular cultures from NZB/W and normal control mice aged 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months revealed a significant increase in the number of phagocytic cells in cultures from NZB/W mice at all ages. These cells on electron microscopy had the appearance of macrophages and on immunofluorescence showed Fc receptors and reacted with rabbit(More)