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To clarify the distribution patterns of hypertrophy at the apical level in patients with giant negative T waves (GNT), ECG-gated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 10 patients with GNT and in five normal controls. End-diastolic left ventricular short-axis images at the basal and apical levels were obtained in all subjects. Thicknesses of the(More)
To assess the serial phonocardiographic and echocardiographic change in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), phonocardiograms and echocardiograms were reviewed retrospectively in 116 patients (48 men and 68 women, mean age 27 years) who had been determined to have MVP and were reexamined 4.3 years (range 1 to 14) later by phonocardiography and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical importance of a new subtype of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that could not be diagnosed with the classical diagnostic criteria. BACKGROUND Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is recognized by a characteristic spade-shaped intraventricular cavity on the end-diastolic left ventriculogram in(More)
Left atrial (LA) pressure-dimension curve was constructed and the area of A-loop (AAL, in mm.mmHg) which reflected LA stroke work was measured in 14 open-chest dogs before and after saline infusion, in 14 dogs before and after propranolol administration under fixed heart rate and in 12 dogs while atrial pacing rate was increased stepwise. The peak +dP/dt of(More)
To assess the hemodynamic correlates of the cervical venous hum in patients with chronic anemia, 14 patients (mean age; 49 years, mean hemoglobin (Hb); 7.3 g/dl) and 14 control subjects (mean age; 50 years, mean Hb; 14 g/dl) without cardiac disease were studied by auscultation, phonocardiography and Doppler echocardiography in two positions (supine and(More)
To investigate the origin and evaluate the effect of one of the most potent beta blocker, carteolol, on premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP), 21 patients (35 +/- 12 years; mean +/- SD) including 10 with PVCs were studied by simultaneous electrocardiography and echocardiography before and after intravenous(More)
The left ventricular blood flow pattern during the isovolumic relaxation period was investigated in 17 patients with apical hypertrophy (mean 54 +/- 8 years) and 30 with asymmetric septal hypertrophy without left ventricular outflow obstruction (mean 54 +/- 14 years). Thirty-five age-matched normal subjects served as controls (mean 51 +/- 10 years). All(More)
To evaluate the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography in thoracic aortic disease, transesophageal echocardiography was performed in 11 patients with thoracic aortic disease (true aortic aneurysm in two patients, aortic dissection in nine patients). Findings obtained by transesophageal echocardiography were compared with those obtained by computed(More)