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Cell suspensions of Desulfovibrio vulgaris were found to catalyze, in the absence of sulfate, the complete conversion of 1 lactate to 1 acetate, 1 CO2, and 2 H2 (ΔG′0=-8.8 kJ/mol) and of 1 pyruvate to 1 acetate, 1 CO2, and 1 H2 (ΔG′0=-52 kJ/mol). Protonophores, the proton translocating ATPase inhibitor N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, and arsenate(More)
The general term biomineralisation refers to biologically induced mineralisation in which an organism modifies its local microenvironment creating conditions such that there is chemical precipitation of mineral phases extracellularly. Most usually this results from an oxidation or reduction carried out by some microbial species, with the formation of a(More)
Evidence is presented that lactose uptake into whole cells of Escherichia coli occurs by symport with a single proton over the range of external pH 6.5--7.7. The proton/lactose stoicheiometry has been measured directly over this pH range by comparison of the initial rates of proton and lactose uptake into anaerobic resting cell suspensions of E. coli ML308.(More)
The cellular physiology of the sulphate-reducing bacteria, and of other sulphidogenic species, is determined by the energetic requirements consequent upon their respiratory mode of metabolism with sulphate and other oxyanions of sulphur as terminal electron acceptors. As a further consequence of their, relatively, restricted catabolic activities and their(More)
Five strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria, previously isolated from North Sea waters and identified asDesulfovibrio vulgaris, were investigated for their abilities to survive in aerobic natural seawater. Viable organisms of all strains were recoverable after exposure to oxygen for more than 72 h. The level of the protective enzymes superoxide dismutase and(More)