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There is a concerted global effort to digitize biodiversity occurrence data from herbarium and museum collections that together offer an unparalleled archive of life on Earth over the past few centuries. The Global Biodiversity Information Facility provides the largest single gateway to these data. Since 2004 it has provided a single point of access to(More)
Emerging evidence indicates impairments in somatosensory function may be a major contributor to motor dysfunction associated with neurologic injury or disorders. However, the neuroanatomical substrates underlying the connection between aberrant sensory input and ineffective motor output are still under investigation. The primary somatosensory cortex (S1)(More)
Over recent years the amount of health related information available via the Internet has greatly increased, and is being provided by a vast array of information providers, from government-owned public bodies to charities and to individuals publishing based on their experiences. This paper addresses the two main challenges to using this information:(More)
This paper gives a brief overview of the diverse field of bioinformatics, identifying research themes. It then introduces the BBSRC funded eScience pilot projects against this overview by presenting their biological aims. Areas of the eScience programme addressed by these projects are identified to determine the contribution they are expected to make to(More)
Are repeat offenders more culpable than first-time offenders? In the United States, the most important determinant of punishment for a crime, other than the seriousness of the crime itself, is the offender's criminal history. Despite the popularity of the view that repeat offenders deserve to be treated more harshly than first-time offenders, there is no(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the primary motor cortex (M1) can be used to evaluate descending corticomotor influences on spinal reflex excitability through modulation of the Hoffman reflex (H-reflex). The purpose of this study was to characterize between-session reliability of cortical, spinal, and cortical-conditioned spinal excitability(More)
While a number of different approaches exist to facilitate the interopera-tion of distributed, heterogeneous and autonomous databases, a systematic framework to assist with the evolution process of federated systems has yet to be presented. A primary hurdle in the life cycle of an interoperable database system is the effort, and therefore the cost, that is(More)
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