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The purpose of this experiment was first, to compare the performance of three matched groups of experimental subjects who used either a single-channel cochlear implant, a multichannel cochlear implant, or a two-channel vibrotactile aid on a battery of speech perception measures, and second, to compare the performance of subjects with residual hearing who(More)
The speech perception abilities of 19 children with onset of deafness before age 3 years was examined after they received the Nucleus multichannel cochlear implant. The children were divided into two groups based on age at onset of deafness: children with congenital deafness (n = 8) and children with onset of deafness after birth but before age 3 (n = 11).(More)
The speech perception abilities of deaf children with a single- or multi-channel cochlear implant are compared with those of deaf children who derive substantial benefit from conventional hearing aids. The children with hearing aids have unaided pure-tone thresholds ranging from 90- to 110-dB HL through at least 2000 Hz, and aided thresholds of 30- to 60-dB(More)
Performance on speech perception, speech production, and language tests was measured over time in children who used the 3M/House or the Nucleus cochlear implant. The speech perception and production results demonstrated higher performance levels and faster rates of learning for the multichannel than for the single-channel users. The performance of the(More)
We report the case of a profoundly deaf 4-year-old boy with congenital deafness as a result of Mondini's dysplasia. The Mondini inner ear malformation is the result of arrested labyrinthine development during embryogenesis and is characterized by both bony and membranous anomalies of the inner ear. The dysplastic cochlear anatomy does not preclude(More)
Relationships among a number of pre- and postimplant variables measured in 20 adults implanted with a single-channel cochlear implant were examined through a variety of univariate and multivariate statistical techniques. A large number of variables were analyzed to yield information on the relationships between pre- and postimplant performance, and among a(More)
This study evaluated 20 deaf adults' ability to understand connected discourse under two conditions: (a) lipreading alone (LA), and (b) lipreading plus electrical stimulation by a single-channel cochlear implant (LI). Performance was evaluated using the speech-tracking procedure, which required the deaf receiver to repeat verbatim textual material read by(More)
A speech perception hierarchy has been developed and applied to assess the influence of cochlear implants and tactile aids on the acquisition of auditory, speech, and language skills in deaf children. Encouraging improvements were noted with both types of sensory aids at the detection level. The House 3M and Nucleus cochlear implant designs appear to offer(More)
Fifteen profoundly deaf patients under the age of 18 years have received a 3M/House cochlear implant. The surgical procedure employed is essentially the same as that used in adults with a few modifications to accommodate for the smaller dimensions of the mastoid process and the thinness of the scalp and temporal squama. Pediatric subjects receive timing and(More)