W . A . M . Hijnen

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UV disinfection technology is of growing interest in the water industry since it was demonstrated that UV radiation is very effective against (oo)cysts of Cryptosporidium and Giardia, two pathogenic micro-organisms of major importance for the safety of drinking water. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment, the new concept for microbial safety of drinking(More)
To define protection zones around groundwater abstraction wells and safe setback distances for artificial recharge systems in watertreatment, quantitative information is needed about the removal of microorganisms during soil passage. Column experiments were conducted using natural soil and water from an infiltration site with fine sandy soil and a river(More)
In the presence of bromide, ozonation as applied in water treatment results in the formation of bromate, an ion with carcinogenic properties. The reduction of bromate by mixed bacterial populations as well as pure cultures was studied under laboratory conditions. Bromate was reduced to bromide by a mixed bacterial population with and without a preceding(More)
Quantitative microbiological risk assessment requires quantitative data to assess consumer exposure to pathogens and the resulting health risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate data sets on the occurrence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in raw water and on the removal of model organisms (anaerobic spores, bacteriophages) to perform such a risk assessment. A(More)
The nutritional versatility and growth kinetics of Aeromonas hydrophila were studied to determine the nature and the growth-promoting properties of organic compounds which may serve as substrates for the growth of this organism in drinking water during treatment and distribution. As an initial screening, a total of 69 different organic compounds were tested(More)
The nutritional versatility of a vibrio-shaped, oxalate-utilizing isolate, strain NOX, obtained from tap water supplied with low concentrations of formate, glyoxylate, and oxalate, was determined by growth experiments with low-molecular-weight carbon compounds at high (grams per liter) and very low (micrograms per liter) concentrations. The organism, which(More)
The decimal elimination capacity (DEC) of slow sand filtration (SSF) for Cryptosporidium parvum was assessed to enable quantitative microbial risk analysis of a drinking water production plant. A mature pilot plant filter of 2.56m(2) was loaded with C. parvum oocysts and two other persistent organisms as potential surrogates; spores of Clostridium(More)
The decimal elimination capacity (DEC) of slow sand filters (SSF) for viruses, bacteria and oocysts of Cryptosporidium has been assessed from full-scale data and pilot plant and laboratory experiments. DEC for viruses calculated from experimental data with MS2-bacteriophages in the pilot plant filters was 1.5-2 log10. E. coli and thermotolerant coliforms(More)
Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) adsorption filtration is commonly used in drinking water treatment to remove NOM and micro-pollutants and on base of the process conditions a certain capacity to eliminate pathogenic micro-organisms was expected. The experiences with the mandatory quantitative microbial risk assessment of Dutch drinking water revealed a lack(More)
One of the major impediments in the application of spiral-wound membranes in water treatment or desalination is clogging of the feed channel by biofouling which is induced by nutrients in the feedwater. Organic carbon is, under most conditions, limiting the microbial growth. The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between the concentration(More)