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Three groups of rats (N = 23) self-administered intravenous cocaine (0.4 mg/kg/infusion) during the initial 2 hr of daily 7-hr sessions. During the remaining 5 hr of these sessions, responding produced saline infusions. On test days, each rat was pretreated with an assigned dose of either butorphanol, morphine, amphetamine, or saline before the(More)
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