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A practical field method for measuring immunoglobulin concentration in bovine colostrum has been developed from the linear relationship between colostral specific gravity and immunoglobulin concentration. Fourteen colostrums were collected within 24 h postpartum from nursed and unnursed cows and were assayed for specific gravity and major colostral(More)
Colostrum removed from mammary glands of parturient cows before letdown contained no greater concentration of immunoglobulins than colostrum collected after letdown and complete milking. Greater absorption of colostral immunoglobulins in calves suckling their dams initially postpartum over those hand fed by buckets or bottles is not from higher(More)
A quantitative competitive binding "triple sandwich" enzyme immunoassay was used to evaluate pathogen/class-specific antibody responses in forty-eight Holstein-Friesian calves vaccinated against Clostridium perfringens B-toxin at various ages postpartum. To assure a wide serum pathogen/class-specific immunoglobulin concentration range, one-half of all(More)
Relative accuracy of the single radial immunodiffusion technique to measure immunoglobulin concentrations of colostral preparations (whey, whole, or fat-free) has been assessed. Fresh colostrum samples were analyzed for major constituents. Gammaglobulin as a standard was compared to total immunoglobulin concentration derived from single radial(More)
Monoclonal antibodies were developed to bovine IgG1. In addition, production of monoclonal antibodies to bovine light chain is also reported. Monoclonal antibody specificities were initially determined by solid-phase enzyme immunoassay. The monoclonal antibovine IgG1 was shown by a specificity-independent isotyping solid-phase enzyme immunoassay to be mouse(More)
A quantitative competitive binding "triple-sandwich" enzyme immunoassay was developed and used to evaluated pathogen/class-specific antibody responses in Holstein-Friesian cows vaccinated against Clostridium perfringens B-toxin. Vaccination of cows at six weeks and again at two weeks prepartum increased pathogen-specific IgG levels in each dam's colostrum(More)
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