Włodzimierz Meissner

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Fat is the main source of energy for birds during a long-distance flight. Migration routes are usually divided into several steps. In stopover sites migratory birds restore energy reserves needed for continuation of migration. During a long-distance flight and when foraging at a stopover site birds should be able to assess their actual reserves accumulated(More)
Dunlin (Calidris alpina) females migrate ahead of males towards their wintering grounds, but the factors influencing the timing of this migration is incompletely understood. In our long-term (1991–2000) study of the autumn migration phenology of male and female dunlins, as adult and immature birds separately, we noted that the difference in mean migration(More)
Leptin is a hormone secreted primarily by adipose tissue and its blood levels depend on the amount of fat stored in adipocytes. Leptin has a wide range of physiological effects. Acting directly or through the sympathetic nervous system it participates in the regulation of energy metabolism. Leptin inhibits synthesis of triacylglycerols in the liver, adipose(More)
In this paper we present the studies conducted on blood samples taken from Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Birds were captured for ringing purposes (n = 43) in two small and two big towns (including highly urbanized areas). For comparison samples of blood from birds shot on fish ponds were used (n = 26). Based on the body mass all sampled individuals can be(More)
Reductions in body size are increasingly being identified as a response to climate warming. Here we present evidence for a case of such body shrinkage, potentially due to malnutrition in early life. We show that an avian long-distance migrant (red knot, Calidris canutus canutus), which is experiencing globally unrivaled warming rates at its high-Arctic(More)
Aquatic birds occupy a high position in the trophic pyramid of the Baltic Sea. This means that they accumulate the greatest amount of harmful substances, including mercury, in their bodies. This element penetrates into their systems mainly via the alimentary canal. The amount of mercury absorbed from food depends on how badly the environment is polluted(More)
The aim of this paper was to assess the influence of diet on the concentrations of total mercury (HgTOT) in the eggs of aquatic birds. Trophic level was determined using stable isotopes (δ(15)N, δ(13)C). Analysis was carried out on eggs (laid in 2010-2012) belonging to two species of terns nesting at the River Vistula outlet on the Gulf of Gdansk and on(More)
It is widely known that Enterococcus faecalis virulence is related to its biofilm formation. Although Enterococci are common commensal organisms of the gastrointestinal tract, the difference between commensal and pathogen strains remain unclear. In this study, we compare the biochemical profile of the biofilms formed by two groups of medical and two groups(More)
Lead (Pb) poisoning is most commonly linked amongst anthropogenically-caused deaths in waterfowl and this is often associated with hunting and fishing activities. However, the exact identification of the source may be difficult with commonly-used techniques. We have studied isotope ratios using Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) to(More)
This work presents the results of studies aimed at assessing the median and maximum distances covered by wild mallards (Anas platyrhynchos; n = 38), hypothetically infected with the high pathogenicity avian influenza virus (HPAIV) during spring migrations, using GPS-GSM tracking and published data on the susceptibility to HPAIV infection and duration of(More)