Vysaul B. Nyirongo

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Combining data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) conducted at different locations, using genotype imputation and fixed-effects meta-analysis, has been a powerful approach for dissecting complex disease genetics in populations of European ancestry. Here we investigate the feasibility of applying the same approach in Africa, where genetic diversity,(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is believed to confer protection against Plasmodium falciparum malaria, but the precise nature of the protective effecthas proved difficult to define as G6PD deficiency has multiple allelic variants with different effects in males and females, and it has heterogeneous effects on the clinical outcome of P.(More)
BACKGROUND Sickle cell disease (SCD) is common in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is associated with high early mortality. In the absence of newborn screening, most deaths among children with SCD go unrecognized and unrecorded. As a result, SCD does not receive the attention it deserves as a leading cause of death among children in SSA. In(More)
Matching functional sites is a key problem for the understanding of protein function and evolution. The commonly used graph theoretic approach, and other related approaches, require adjustment of a matching distance threshold a priori according to the noise in atomic positions. This is difficult to pre-determine when matching sites related by varying(More)
Similarity between two individuals in the combination of genetic markers along their chromosomes indicates shared ancestry and can be used to identify historical connections between different population groups due to admixture. We use a genome-wide, haplotype-based, analysis to characterise the structure of genetic diversity and gene-flow in a collection of(More)
The three-dimensional shape of a protein plays a key role in determining its function, so proteins in which particular atoms have very similar configurations in space often have similar functions. There is therefore a need for efficient methodology to identify, given two or more proteins represented by the coordinates of their atoms, subsets of those atoms(More)
BACKGROUND The vast majority of deaths in the Kilifi study area are not recorded through official systems of vital registration. As a result, few data are available regarding causes of death in this population. OBJECTIVE To describe the causes of death (CODs) among residents of all ages within the Kilifi Health and Demographic Surveillance System (KHDSS)(More)
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum invades human red blood cells by a series of interactions between host and parasite surface proteins. By analyzing genome sequence data from human populations, including 1269 individuals from sub-Saharan Africa, we identify a diverse array of large copy-number variants affecting the host invasion receptor genes(More)
One of the key ingredients in drug discovery is the derivation of conceptual templates called pharmacophores. A pharmacophore model characterizes the physicochemical properties common to all active molecules, called ligands, bound to a particular protein receptor, together with their relative spatial arrangement. Motivated by this important application, we(More)
We propose a simple procedure for generating virtual protein C(alpha) traces. One of the key ingredients of our method, to build a three-dimensional structure from a random sequence of amino acids, is to work directly on torsional angles of the chain which we sample from a von Mises distribution. With simple modeling of the hydrophobic effect in protein(More)