In automated container terminals, containers are transported from the marshalling yard to a ship and vice versa by automated vehicles. The automated vehicle type studied in this paper is an automated lifting vehicle (ALV) that is capable of lifting a container from the ground by itself. This study discusses how to dispatch ALVs by utilizing information… (More)
CAPTCHAs have become a standard security mechanism that are used to deter automated abuse of online services intended for humans. However, many existing CAPTCHA schemes to date have been successfully broken. As such, a number of CAPTCHA developers have explored alternative methods of designing CAPTCHAs. 3D CAPTCHAs is a design alternative that has been… (More)
The asymmetric unit of the title salt, C7H7N2 (+)·ClO4 (-), comprises two independent formula units. The solid-state structure comprises corrugated layers of cations and of anions, approximately parallel to (010). The supra-molecular layers are stabilized and connected by C-H⋯O hydrogen bonding to consolidate a three-dimensional architecture. A close… (More)
In the title mol-ecular salt, C7H7N2 (+)·Br(-), all the non-H atoms lie on crystallographic mirror planes. The packing consists of (010) cation-anion layers, with the cations forming dimeric units via very weak pairwise C-H⋯N inter-actions. Weak C-H⋯Br inter-actions link the cations to the anions.
CAPTCHAs are a standard security mechanism used on many websites to protect online services against abuse by automated programs, or bots. The purpose of a CAPTCHA is to distinguish whether an online transaction is being carried out by a human or a bot. Unfortunately, to date many existing CAPTCHA schemes have been found to be vulnerable to automated… (More)
In the crystal of the title mol-ecular salt, C7H7N2 (+)·ClO4 (-), the components are linked by C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N inter-actions, generating zigzag chains running parallel to .
The title salt, C7H7N2 (+)·ClO4 (-), crystallizes with alternating cations and anions in wavy sheets, which are formed by a number of C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, lying approximately parallel to (001).