Learn More
Owing to the potential role of the tick Amblyomma cooperi in the enzootic cycle of Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiologic agent of Brazilian spotted fever (BSF), this study evaluated infection by Rickettsia species in A. cooperi ticks collected from an area in Brazil where BSF is endemic. Among a total of 40 A. cooperi adult ticks collected in an area of BSF(More)
In this study, we delineated the role of N-acylhomoserine lactone(s) (AHLs)-mediated quorum sensing (QS) in the virulence of diarrhoeal isolate SSU of Aeromonas hydrophila by generating a double knockout Delta ahyRI mutant. Protease production was substantially reduced in the Delta ahyRI mutant when compared with that in the wild-type (WT) strain.(More)
To characterize intracellular gram-negative bacteria associated with epitheliocystis in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), gills with proliferative lesions were collected for histopathology, conventional transmission and immunoelectron microscopy, in situ hybridization, and DNA extraction during epitheliocystis outbreaks in Ireland and Norway in 1999 and(More)
This study evaluates the rickettsial presence in Amblyomma ticks from eight areas of the Amazon forest in Rondônia, Brazil. The following tick species (number in parentheses) were examined: Amblyomma ovale Koch (121), Amblyomma cajennense (F.) (41), Amblyomma naponense (Packard) (36), Amblyomma scalpturatum Neumann (35), Amblyomma oblongoguttatum Koch (30),(More)
Epac belongs to a new family of proteins that can directly mediate the action of the intracellular second messenger cAMP by activating a downstream small GTPase Rap1. The Epac/Rap1 pathway represents a novel cAMP-signaling cascade that is independent of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). In this study, we have used fluorescence microscopy to probe the(More)
A second region containing five genes homologous to the long polar fimbrial operon of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is located in the chromosome of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7. A non-fimbriated E. coli K-12 strain carrying the cloned EHEC lpf (lpf2) genes expressed thin fibrillae-like structures on its surface and displayed(More)
The present study showed the association of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SCoV) accessory protein, 3a, with plasma membrane and intracellular SCoV particles in infected cells. 3a protein appeared to undergo posttranslational modifications in infected cells and was incorporated into SCoV particles, establishing that 3a protein was a SCoV(More)
A cytotoxic enterotoxin (Act) of Aeromonas hydrophila possesses several biological activities, induces an inflammatory response in the host, and causes apoptosis of murine macrophages. In this study, we utilized five target cell types (a murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7), bone marrow-derived transformed macrophages, murine peritoneal macrophages, and(More)
We recently demonstrated that the N-acyl-homoserine lactone [autoinducer (AI)-1] and LuxS (AI-2)-based quorum-sensing (QS) systems exerted positive and negative regulation, respectively, on the virulence of a diarrhoeal isolate SSU of Aeromonas hydrophila. However, the role of a newly identified, two-component-based QseBC QS system in the regulation of(More)
Recent reports indicate that flaviviruses similar to the cell fusing agent virus (CFAV) naturally infect a wide variety of mosquito species. These newly recognized insect-specific viruses comprise a distinct CFAV complex within the genus Flavivirus. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of nine strains of Culex flavivirus (Cx FV), a member of(More)