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This article reports on an experiment with miniature artificial languages that provides support for a synthesis of ideas from All miniature artificial languages presented to subjects feature velar palatalization (k → tſ) before a plural suffix,-i. I show that (i) examples of-i simply attaching to a [tʃ]-final stem help palatalization (supporting t → tſi(More)
Influences on variable behavior vary in importance. As researchers, we sometimes want to be able to quantify the importance of a particular predictor and to compare predictors on importance. Relative importance measures are useful for comparing language varieties, identification of predictors to focus on when faced with data sparseness, or to explore in(More)
What statistics do learners track? What statistics do learners track? What statistics do learners track? Rule Rule Rule Rules s s s, constraints and , constraints and , constraints and , constraints and s s s schema chema chema chemas s s s in (artificial) grammar learning in (artificial) grammar learning in (artificial) grammar learning in (artificial)(More)
Speakers of morphologically-rich languages commonly face what has been called the Paradigm Cell Filling Problem: they know some form of a word but it is inappropriate to the current context, leading them to derive a form of that word they have never encountered (e.g., they know the singular form of a noun, and now need to produce the plural). We suggest(More)
The present paper reports on rapid perceptual learning of intonation contour categories in 9-to 11-year-old children and adults. Intonation contours are temporally-extended patterns whose perception requires temporal integration and is therefore expected to pose significant working memory challenges. We report that both children and adults form relatively(More)
1 Introduction Usage-based theories of grammar suggest that constituent structure emerges in part from co-occurrence: items used together fuse together forming cohesive, hard-to-interrupt units (Bybee 2002, see also Gregory et al. 1999, Kapatsinski 2010, Stefanowitsch & Gries 2003). This study is an effort to investigate the effects of co-occurrence on(More)
Articulatorily-motivated sound change is modeled as the outcome of two processes: 1) automatization of word production, which occurs in every instance of word use, and thus affects high-frequency words most, and 2) hierarchical inference during learning, in which words and phones (defining word groups) are assigned blame/credit for experienced(More)
This study accounts for Korean /n/-epenthesis from a usage-based perspective, by describing the reduced productivity of epenthesis as an analogical change in progress. We found that epenthesis probability rises as whole-word frequency increases, supporting the hypothesis that analogical change begins in low-frequency words (Bybee 2002). We interpret the(More)
A recent cross-linguistic survey suggests Multiple Exponence, the redundant marking of the same meaning by multiple morphological layers, to be more widely attested than commonly believed (Caballero & Harris 2012). While this phenomenon has been examined within the context of morphological theory and diachronic research, little work has been done that(More)