Vreni Schneider

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About 60% of both Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is due to deletions of the dystrophin gene. For cases with a deletion mutation, the "reading frame" hypothesis predicts that BMD patients produce a semifunctional, internally deleted dystrophin protein, whereas DMD patients produce a severely truncated protein that would(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recurrence of chronic hepatitis C and progressive fibrosis in liver transplants is frequent and impairs both graft and patient survival. Whether or not the choice of immunosuppression affects progression of fibrosis remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the potential of the commonly used immunosuppressants to halt(More)
About 80% to 90% of females are informative for X-inactivation/methylation analysis with the probe M27 beta, which would therefore seem attractive in assessing clonality in hematologic cell populations. Eighteen acute lymphoid or myeloid leukemias, three chronic lymphocytic leukemias, and three chronic myelogenous leukemias as well as 12 malignant(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling is central in the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the key source of extracellular matrix (ECM) in fibrotic liver. We tested the therapeutic potential of the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin in advanced cirrhosis. METHODS Cirrhosis was induced by bile duct-ligation (BDL) or thioacetamide(More)
We have identified a novel mitochondrial (mt) DNA mutation in the tRNA(Phe)-gene in a patient with an isolated mitochondrial myopathy. This T to C transition at position 618 disrupts a strictly conserved base pair within the anticodon stem of tRNA(Phe). Computer analysis showed that the affected base pair is essential for anticodon stem formation of(More)
UNLABELLED The vitronectin receptor integrin alphavbeta3 promotes angiogenesis by mediating migration and proliferation of endothelial cells, but also drives fibrogenic activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in vitro. Expecting antifibrotic synergism, we studied the effect of alphavbeta3 inhibition in two in vivo models of liver fibrogenesis. Liver(More)
X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM; MIM# 310400) is a severe congenital muscle disorder caused by mutations in the MTM1 gene. This gene encodes a dual-specificity phosphatase named myotubularin, defining a large gene family highly conserved through evolution (which includes the putative anti-phosphatase Sbf1/hMTMR5). We report 29 mutations in novel cases,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Transactivated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) represent the key source of extra cellular matrix (ECM) in fibrotic liver. Imatinib, a potent inhibitor of the PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase, reduces HSC proliferation and fibrogenesis when treatment is initiated before fibrosis has developed. We tested the antifibrotic potential of imatinib in(More)
The large size of many disease genes and the multiplicity of mutations complicate the design of an adequate assay for the identification of disease-causing variants. One of the most successful methods for mutation detection is the single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique. By varying temperature, gel composition, ionic strength and additives,(More)
X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM) is a congenital muscle disorder mainly affecting newborn males. Neonatal muscle weakness and hypotonia usually leads to a rapid demise. The responsible gene, MTM1, was isolated in 1996, and mutational data derived from 90 patients have been published. We report on our findings in a further 53 patients, using genomic DNA(More)