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After the transplantation of unmodified marrow from human leukocyte antigen-matched unrelated donors receiving cyclosporine (CSP) and methotrexate (MTX), the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is greater than 75%. Tacrolimus is a macrolide compound that, in previous preclinical and clinical studies, was effective in combination with MTX for(More)
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is the most common late complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) causing significant morbidity and mortality. The kidneys are not considered a target organ for cGVHD in humans, although animal models show renal damage. Renal involvement in patients with cGVHD, presenting as nephrotic(More)
We report the results of a phase III open-label, randomized, multicenter trial comparing tacrolimus/methotrexate to cyclosporine/methotrexate for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after HLA-identical sibling marrow transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancy. The primary objective of this study was to compare the incidence of moderate(More)
The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) maintains a registry of approximately 4 million volunteer unrelated donors for patients in need of a stem cell transplant. When several comparably HLA-matched volunteers are identified for a patient, various criteria are used to select a donor. A retrospective analysis of 6978 bone marrow transplantations facilitated(More)
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in long-term survivors of allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The immunopathogenesis of chronic GVHD is, in part, TH-2 mediated, resulting in a syndrome of immunodeficiency and an autoimmune disorder. The most important risk factor for chronic GVHD is prior history of(More)
Preparative regimens containing busulfan (BU) followed by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were used in 27 consecutive patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The median age was 33 years (range, 4 to 54). Ten were female and 17 male. Sixteen patients had primary MDS, 11 other patients had antecedent hematologic diseases or developed MDS(More)
BACKGROUND Micafungin (FK463) is a new lipopeptide compound (echinocandin) with activity against Aspergillus and Candida species. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of micafungin in patients with proven or probable invasive aspergillosis (IA). METHODS A multinational, non-comparative study was conducted to examine proven or probable (pulmonary(More)
We hypothesized that chemoprophylaxis with the echinocandin micafungin would be an effective agent for antifungal prophylaxis during neutropenia in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We therefore conducted a randomized, double-blind, multi-institutional, comparative phase III trial, involving 882 adult and pediatric(More)
A prospective comparative trial of allogeneic versus autologous bone marrow transplant (BMT) was conducted. Sixty-six consecutive patients (median age, 41; range, 15 to 60; female:male ratio = 21:45) entered this clinical trial. Priority for allogeneic BMT was given to patients who were 55 or younger and had a major histocompatibility complex-matched or(More)
Twenty-one patients (median age = 34, range = 10-49; F:M = 7:14) received a preparative regimen consisting of busulfan 4 mg/kg/day x 4, cytosine arabinoside 2 g/m2/12 h x 4 and cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg/day x 2 ('BAC' regimen) for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Out of 12 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), two were in first remission, six(More)