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When monkeys perform a delayed match-to-sample task, some neurons in the anterior inferotemporal cortex show sustained activity following the presentation of specific visual stimuli, typically only those that are shown repeatedly. When sample stimuli are shown in a fixed temporal order, the few images that evoke delay activity in a given neuron are often(More)
The brain has the ability to represent the passage of time between two behaviorally relevant events. Recordings from different areas in the cortex of monkeys suggest the existence of neurons representing time by increasing (climbing) activity, which is triggered by a first event and peaks at the expected time of a second event, e.g., a visual stimulus or a(More)
In a psychophysics experiment, monkeys were shown a sequence of two to eight images, randomly chosen out of a set of 16, each image followed by a delay interval, the last image in the sequence being a repetition of any (one) of the images shown in the sequence. The monkeys learned to recognize the repetition of an image. The performance level was studied as(More)
The recall of a list of items in a serial order is a basic cognitive skill. However, it is unknown whether a list of arbitrary items is remembered by associations between sequential items or by associations between each item and its ordinal position. Here, to study the nonverbal strategies used for such memory tasks, we trained three macaque monkeys on a(More)
We discuss paradigmatic properties of the activity of single cells comprising an attractor-a developed stable delay activity distribution. To demonstrate these properties and a methodology for measuring their values, we present a detailed account of the spike activity recorded from a single cell in the inferotemporal cortex of a monkey performing a delayed(More)
Macaque monkeys were tested on a delayed-match-to-multiple-sample task, with either a limited set of well trained images (in randomized sequence) or with never-before-seen images. They performed much better with novel images. False positives were mostly limited to catch-trial image repetitions from the preceding trial. This result implies extremely(More)
Serial memory is the ability to encode and retrieve a list of items in their correct temporal order. To study nonverbal strategies involved in serial memory, we trained four macaque monkeys on a novel delayed sequence-recall task and analysed the mechanisms underlying their performance in terms of a neural network model. Thirty fractal images, divided into(More)
What mechanism underlies serial order memory? Studying preverbal serial memory shows that macaque monkeys reproducing a sequence of items can acquire knowledge of item ordinal position. In our previous experiment, macaques were repeatedly presented with image lists (first shown sequentially and then simultaneously on a touch screen together with a(More)
Macaque monkeys were trained to recognize the repetition of one of the images already seen in a sequence of random length. On average, performance decreased with sequence length. However, this was due to a complex combination of factors, as follows: performance was found to decrease with the separation in the sequence of the test (repetition image) from the(More)