Volkmar Schultze

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The performance of an optically pumped Mx magnetometer with miniaturized Cs cell at earth's magnetic field strength (50 μT) is investigated. Operation using detuned high intensity laser light is shown to be superior to the conventional resonant operation in terms of the projected shot-noise-limited ( 50 fT/√Hz) and the actual noise-limited sensitivity using(More)
We compare the performance of two methods for the synchronization of the atomic spins in optically pumped magnetometers: intensity modulation of the pump light and the classical M(x) method using B(1) field modulation. Both techniques use the same set-up and measure the resulting features of the light after passing a micro-fabricated Cs cell. The(More)
We describe a method for charging atomic vapor cells with cesium and buffer gas. By this, it is possible to adjust the buffer gas pressure in the cells with good accuracy. Furthermore, we present a new design of microfabricated vapor cell arrays, which combine silicon wafer based microfabrication and ultrasonic machining to achieve the arrays of thermally(More)
We show the operation of an optically pumped magnetometer array in a 50 μT magnetic field. The various components for a fully optical and non-magnetic detector unit were constructed and evaluated, from which a prototype unit was assembled with fiber coupled electronics. In this unit the magnetometers were operated using the intensity modulated method and(More)
Directly coupled dc SQUID gradiometers on the basis of YBqCu,O, for unshielded NDE measurements are investigated. The influence of different SQUID layout parameters on the field sensitivity is shown. A sensitivity of 500 ffl(crn.JHz) is achieved with a baseline of 3.6 mrn. A slit in an aluminium plate was detected in an demonstration of NDE in 1 cm depth(More)
SQUID systems, using either high temperature or low temperature superconductors, were developed for sensitive measurements in magnetically disturbed environments. They include the SQUIDs and fast SQUID electronics. Magnetometer SQUID systems are used for geophysical sounding, where they show superiority when compared to conventional induction coils for very(More)
We present an optically pumped magnetometer working in a new operational mode-the light-shift dispersed Mz (LSD-Mz) mode. It is realized combining various features; (1) high power off-resonant optical pumping; (2) Mz configuration, where pumping light and magnetic field of interest are oriented parallel to each other; (3) use of small alkali metal vapor(More)
A dichroic atomic vapor laser lock (DAVLL) system exploiting buffer-gas-filled millimeter-scale vapor cells is presented. This system offers similar stability as achievable with conventional DAVLL system using bulk vapor cells, but has several important advantages. In addition to its compactness, it may provide continuous stabilization in a multi-gigahertz(More)
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