Volkmar H. Hans

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Genomic rearrangements are thought to occur progressively during tumor development. Recent findings, however, suggest an alternative mechanism, involving massive chromosome rearrangements in a one-step catastrophic event termed chromothripsis. We report the whole-genome sequencing-based analysis of a Sonic-Hedgehog medulloblastoma (SHH-MB) brain tumor from(More)
Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) show a profound acute-phase response. Because interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important mediator of these pathophysiological changes, IL-6 levels were monitored in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of 20 patients with severe isolated TBI. All patients received indwelling ventricular catheters for(More)
Medulloblastoma is an aggressively growing tumour, arising in the cerebellum or medulla/brain stem. It is the most common malignant brain tumour in children, and shows tremendous biological and clinical heterogeneity. Despite recent treatment advances, approximately 40% of children experience tumour recurrence, and 30% will die from their disease. Those who(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder with heterogenous phenotypic manifestations and genetic background. We describe seven patients from five independent families with an isolated myopathic phenotype of CoQ10 deficiency. The clinical, histological and biochemical presentation of our patients was very homogenous. All patients(More)
Cytokines are involved in nerve regeneration by modulating the synthesis of neurotrophic factors. The role played by interleukin-6 (IL-6) in promoting nerve growth factor (NGF) after brain injury was investigated by monitoring the release of IL-6 and NGF in ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 22 patients with severe traumatic brain injuries. IL-6 was(More)
Mutations in the valosin-containing protein (VCP) gene on chromosome 9p13-p12 recently have been shown to cause autosomal dominant inclusion body myopathy associated with Paget's disease of the bone and frontotemporal dementia. Here, we report the central nervous system autopsy findings in a 55-year-old German patient with inclusion body myopathy and(More)
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the central nervous system (CNS-PNETs) are highly aggressive, poorly differentiated embryonal tumors occurring predominantly in young children but also affecting adolescents and adults. Herein, we demonstrate that a significant proportion of institutionally diagnosed CNS-PNETs display molecular profiles indistinguishable(More)
Several studies suggest the involvement of the complement system in the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since the intrathecal generation of anaphylatoxin C5a has been shown to mediate inflammatory effects within the central nervous system, we sought to characterize the cellular expression of the mRNA for the C5a receptor (C5aR, CD88) in(More)
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), a protein linked to the neuronal cytoskeleton in the mature central nervous system (CNS), has recently been identified in glial precursors indicating a potential role during glial development. In the present study, we systematically analyzed the expression of MAP2 in a series of 237 human neuroepithelial tumors(More)
A profound inflammatory response is initiated immediately following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is characterized by the release of several cytokines with pro- and anti-inflammatory functions. In order to elucidate which cytokines are released in the human brain in response to injury as well as in the peripheral compartment, IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10,(More)