Volkher Scharnhorst

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Studies on the molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal differentiation are frequently performed using cell lines established from neuroblastomas. In this study we have used mouse N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells that undergo neuronal differentiation in response to DMSO. During differentiation, cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) activities decline and phosphorylation(More)
Plasmodium knowlesi infection with low parasitemia presents a diagnostic challenge, as rapid diagnostic tests are often negative and identification to the species level by microscopy is difficult. P. knowlesi malaria in a traveler is described, and real-time PCR is demonstrated to support fast and reliable diagnosis and identification to the species level.
The Wilms' tumor 1 gene (WT1) has been identified as a tumor suppressor gene involved in the etiology of Wilms' tumor. Approximately 10% of all Wilms' tumors carry mutations in the WT1 gene. Alterations in the WT1 gene have also been observed in other tumor types, such as leukemia, mesothelioma and desmoplastic small round cell tumor. Dependent on the tumor(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently, concern has been expressed about the transfusion of older red blood cells after cardiac surgery. We tested the hypothesis that longer storage of transfused red blood cells increases the risk of early and late mortality in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data of patients who(More)
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is still a widely used parameter for acute phase inflammation. Recently, new methods based on direct undiluted measurement of ESR in a standard EDTA tube have been developed. We evaluated the analytic performance of one of these new methods, the Ves-Matic Cube 200 (Diesse Diagnostica Senese, Siena, Italy), and(More)
• A submitted manuscript is the author's version of the article upon submission and before peer-review. There can be important differences between the submitted version and the official published version of record. People interested in the research are advised to contact the author for the final version of the publication, or visit the DOI to the(More)
BACKGROUND Heparin binds positively charged electrolytes. In blood gas syringes, electrolyte-balanced heparin is used to prevent a negative bias in electrolyte concentrations. The potential pre-analytical errors introduced by blood gas syringes are largely unknown. Here, we evaluate electrolyte concentrations in non-anticoagulated blood compared with(More)
The WT1 gene, which is heterozygously mutated or deleted in congenital anomaly syndromes and homozygously mutated in about 15% of all Wilms tumors, encodes tissue-specific developmental regulators. Through alternative mRNA splicing, four main WT1 protein isoforms are synthesized. All isoforms can bind to DNA via their zinc fingers, albeit with different(More)
The Wilms' tumor 1 gene, WT1, is homozygously mutated in a subset of Wilms' tumors. Heterozygous mutations in WT1 give rise to congenital anomalies. During embryogenesis, WT1 is expressed mainly in the kidneys, uterus, and testes. Alternative splicing of the WT1 mRNA results in synthesis of four main WT1 protein isoforms with molecular masses of 52-54 kDa.(More)
The Wilms' tumor 1 gene (WT1) encodes a transcription factor of the zinc-finger family and is homozygously mutated or deleted in a subset of Wilms' tumors. Through alternative mRNA splicing, the gene is expressed as four main polypeptides that differ by a stretch of 17 amino acids just N-terminal of the four zinc-fingers and three amino acids between zinc(More)