Volker W. Steinijans

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The statistical analysis of bioequivalence assessment has been consolidated in recent years through the work of Schuirmann [1987], Westlake [1988] and Hauschke et al. [1990], and this has been reflected in the CPMP Note for Guidance on Bioavailability and Bioequivalence and in the joint recommendations of the APV (International Association for(More)
In bioequivalence assessment, the consumer risk of erroneously accepting bioequivalence is of primary concern. In order to control the consumer risk, the decision problem is formulated with bioinequivalence as hypothesis and bioequivalence as alternative. In the parametric approach, a split into two one-sided test problems and application of two-sample(More)
Pantoprazole, a substituted benzimidazole, is a potent and well tolerated inhibitor of the gastric H+,K(+)-ATPase with a low potential to inhibit cytochrome P450. In this randomized, placebo-controlled two-period crossover study, 12 healthy volunteers received placebo (reference) and 240 mg of pantoprazole (test) i.v. within 2 min once daily for 7 days(More)
In bioequivalence studies C max and AUCserve as the primary pharmacokinetic characteristics of rate and extent of absorption. Based on pharmacokinetic relationships and on empirical evidence, the distribution of these characteristics corresponds to a multiplicative model, which implies a logarithmic normal distribution in the case of a parametric analysis.(More)
The anti-asthmatic effect of theophylline may supplement those of inhaled steroids in asthma. The aim of the present trial was to study how the addition of theophylline compares to doubling the dose of inhaled steroid in asthmatics who remain symptomatic on beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) 400 micrograms/day. The trial was designed as a randomized,(More)
The proton pump inhibitor pantoprazole is a substituted benzimidazole sulphoxide for the treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal diseases such as reflux esophagitis, duodenal and gastric ulcers. Pantoprazole, administered as a 40 mg enteric coated tablet, is quantitatively absorbed. Its absolute bioavailability is 77% and does not change upon multiple(More)
For the two-period crossover design and a multiplicative model (logarithmic normal distribution) the decision procedure of choice is based on the inclusion of the shortest 90%-confidence interval for the ratio of expected medians for test and reference in the equivalence range. This inclusion rule is equivalent to the two one-sided tests procedure. Sample(More)
BACKGROUND The complex pharmacological profile of the antiparkinsonian drug budipine influences neurotransmission beyond the dopaminergic system. Previous studies have demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy of budipine on motor symptoms in insufficiently treated patients with Parkinson disease. OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the efficacy of 20 mg of budipine, 3(More)
OBJECTIVE Pantoprazole is a H+/K+-ATPase inhibitor with a minimized potential of interaction with the cytochrome P450 system. Imidazole derivatives such as cimetidine and omeprazole have been shown to markedly interact with carbamazepine, a major anticonvulsant with a narrow therapeutic range. Therefore, the influence of steady-state pantoprazole on the(More)
Grapefruit juice inhibits the biotransformation of several drugs, including caffeine (23% clearance reduction), which is metabolized by the cytochrome P450 isoform CYP1A2. Since CYP1A2 also participates in theophylline biotransformation, a randomized change-over study on a possible interaction between grapefruit juice and theophylline was conducted. Twelve(More)