Volker Von Baehr

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The rapid ACTH injection test is an indirect screening test for adrenocortical insufficiency. As a supplement to this test, we evaluated the practicability of single measurements of plasma cortisol, ACTH, aldosterone, and PRA as a definitive diagnostic test of primary adrenocortical insufficiency (PAI). We also tested the value of PRA measurements during(More)
OBJECTIVE Severe hyponatremia due to hypopituitarism and adrenal insufficiency can be life-threatening, and treatment with glucocorticoids is very effective once the diagnosis of the underlying disorder has been made. In our experience, the diagnosis of hypopituitarism in hyponatremic patients is often overlooked. METHODS In a retrospective study we(More)
Progesterone (P) is a potent antagonist of the human mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in vitro. We have previously demonstrated effective downstream metabolism of P in the kidney. This mechanism potentially protects the MR from P action. Here, we have investigated the expression and functional activity of steroidogenic enzymes in human kidney. RT-PCR(More)
Due to high binding affinity of progesterone to the human mineralocorticoid receptor (hMR), progesterone competes with the natural ligand aldosterone. In order to analyse how homeostasis can be maintained by mineralocorticoid function of aldosterone at the MR, especially in the presence of elevated progesterone concentrations during the luteal phase and(More)
Tetracosactin [corticotropin-(1-24)] is used for clinical testing of adrenocortical responsiveness. The usual dose [high dose test (HDT)] is 250 micrograms. With this test, patients with mild secondary adrenal insufficiency are usually not identified, thus putting them at risk of an adrenal crisis in stressful situations. It was recently reported that a(More)
Progesterone binds with high affinity to the mineralocorticoid (MC) receptor, but confers only very low agonistic MC activity. Therefore, progesterone is a potent MC antagonist in vitro. Although progesterone reaches up to 100 times higher plasma levels in late pregnancy than aldosterone, the in vivo MC antagonistic effect of progesterone seems to be(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Inactivating mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene cause neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism and familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH). The aims of the present study were the functional characterization of novel mutations of the CaSR found in FHH patients, the comparison of in vitro receptor function with clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE Selective inhibitors of 11beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase type I may be of therapeutical interest for two reasons: i) 9alpha-Fluorinated 11-dehydrosteroids like 11-dehydro-dexamethasone (DH-D) are rapidly activated by human kidney 11beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase type II (11beta-HSD-II) to dexamethasone (D). If the same reaction by hepatic(More)
Torsemide inhibited aldosterone secretion by adrenal cells from rats, cows, and guinea pigs stimulated in vitro by potassium, angiotensin, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, ACTH, or corticosterone. Inhibitory concentrations for adrenal cells (micromolar) were comparable with those reported to inhibit ion transport in isolated renal tubules. Inhibition of aldosterone(More)
Even though mistletoe extracts have been in clinical use for centuries their exact mode of action is still unknown. Currently, the application scheme for registered preparations is a dose-escalating scheme to thus reduce side effects. In this study, healthy controls and patients were evaluated for their immunologic response to treatment with a standardized(More)