Volker TRAPPE

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We introduce a new dynamic light scattering method, termed photon correlation imaging, which enables us to resolve the dynamics of soft matter in space and time. We demonstrate photon correlation imaging by investigating the slow dynamics of a quasi-two-dimensional coarsening foam made of highly packed, deformable bubbles and a rigid gel network formed by(More)
A wide variety of systems, including granular media, colloidal suspensions and molecular systems, exhibit non-equilibrium transitions from a fluid-like to a solid-like state, characterized solely by the sudden arrest of their dynamics. Crowding or jamming of the constituent particles traps them kinetically, precluding further exploration of the phase space.(More)
We show by means of experiments, theory, and simulations that the slow dynamics of coarsening systems displays dynamic heterogeneity similar to that observed in glass-forming systems. We measure dynamic heterogeneity via novel multipoint functions which quantify the emergence of dynamic, as opposed to static, correlations of fluctuations. Experiments are(More)
We use Time Resolved Correlation (TRC), a recently introduced light scattering method, to study the dynamics of a variety of jammed, or glassy, soft materials. The output of a TRC experiment is cI(t, τ), the time series of the degree of correlation between the speckle patterns generated by the light scattered at time t and t+τ . We characterize the(More)
Colloid-polymer mixtures can undergo spinodal decomposition into colloid-rich and colloid-poor regions. Gelation results when interconnected colloid-rich regions solidify. We show that this occurs when these regions undergo a glass transition, leading to dynamic arrest of the spinodal decomposition. The characteristic length scale of the gel decreases with(More)
We demonstrate a new design for a light-scattering microscope that is convenient to use and that allows simultaneous imaging and light scattering. The design is motivated by the growing use of thermal fluctuations to probe the viscoelastic properties of complex inhomogeneous environments. We demonstrate measurements of an optically nonergodic sample, one of(More)
We show that the dynamics of large fractal colloid aggregates are well described by a combination of translational and rotational diffusion and internal elastic fluctuations, allowing both the aggregate size and internal elasticity to be determined by dynamic light scattering. The comparison of results obtained in microgravity and on Earth demonstrates that(More)
Attractive colloidal particles can exhibit a fluid to solid phase transition if the magnitude of the attractive interaction is sufficiently large, if the volume fraction is sufficiently high, and if the applied stress is sufficiently small. The nature of this fluid to solid transition is similar for many different colloid systems, and for many different(More)
We use time-resolved x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy to investigate the slow dynamics of colloidal gels made of moderately attractive carbon black particles. We show that the slow dynamics is temporally heterogeneous and quantify its fluctuations by measuring the variance chi of the instantaneous intensity correlation function. The amplitude of(More)
Suspensions of charged liposomes are found to exhibit typical features of strongly repulsive fluid systems at short length scales, while exhibiting structural heterogeneities at larger length scales that are characteristic of attractive systems. We model the static structure factor of these systems using effective pair interaction potentials composed of a(More)