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Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) and salps (mainly Salpa thompsoni) are major grazers in the Southern Ocean, and krill support commercial fisheries. Their density distributions have been described in the period 1926-51, while recent localized studies suggest short-term changes. To examine spatial and temporal changes over larger scales, we have combined(More)
BACKGROUND The question of how many marine species exist is important because it provides a metric for how much we do and do not know about life in the oceans. We have compiled the first register of the marine species of the world and used this baseline to estimate how many more species, partitioned among all major eukaryotic groups, may be discovered. (More)
Signal recognition particle (SRP) is a ribonucleoprotein consisting of six distinct polypeptides and one molecule of small cytoplasmic 7SL RNA. It was previously shown to promote the co-translational translocation of secretory proteins across the endoplasmic reticulum by (a) arresting the elongation of the presecretory nascent chain at a specific point, and(More)
Signal recognition particle (SRP), a small ribonucleoprotein required for targeting secretory proteins to the ER, has three known functions: signal recognition, elongation arrest, and translocation promotion. Because SRP is inactivated by the sulfhydryl alkylating reagent N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), we have attempted to establish structure-function(More)
Biochemical mutagenesis-alteration or removal of specific domains within a biological structure-followed by functional analysis, gives insight into structure-function relationships. We describe the analysis of the signal recognition particle, a ribonucleoprotein known to be required for the entry of most proteins into the secretory pathway, as an example of(More)
The association of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba with the under-ice habitat was investigated in the Lazarev Sea (Southern Ocean) during austral summer, autumn and winter. Data were obtained using novel Surface and Under Ice Trawls (SUIT), which sampled the 0-2 m surface layer both under sea ice and in open water. Average surface layer densities ranged(More)
Alu-like elements comprise the most abundant family of interspersed repetitive sequences in primates and rodents, and contain many features of processed genes, suggesting that they were initially derived by reverse transcription of processed RNA transcripts. Transcripts containing Alu family members are represented in heterologous nuclear RNAs, cytoplasmic(More)
We have developed an assay in which incomplete preprolactin chains of varying lengths are targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane in an elongation independent manner. The reaction had the same molecular requirements as nascent chain translocation across the ER membrane, namely, it was signal recognition particle (SRP) dependent, and required the(More)
The motivation of the LAKRIS project (Lazarev Krill Study) was to investigate the seasonal and interannual variability in distribution, demography, phenology and population dynamics of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba in poorly studied high-latitude areas. The core data set consists of four RMT-net-sampling surveys that were conducted in early summer(More)