Volker Meske

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Histopathologically, Alzheimer's disease is characterized by plaques and tangles that develop progressively over time. Experimental data described a statin-induced decrease in beta-amyloid production, a major constituent of the plaques. Others reported data on statin-mediated changes in neuronal survival and cytoskeleton, including the(More)
Aggregated beta/A4-amyloid is known to increase intraneuronal calcium by various mechanisms and to lead eventually to the death of the cultured neuron. This study deals with the role of beta/A4-amyloid and several of its fragments in calcium homeostasis, glial fibrillary acid protein and S100beta staining, morphology and survival of cultured rat hippocampal(More)
Niemann Pick C (NPC), a fatal autosomal-recessive neurovisceral lipid storage disorder, is a juvenile dementia with massive nerve-cell loss and cytoskeletal abnormalities in cerebral neurons. These abnormalities consist of tangles of tau protein, which is otherwise highly soluble and usually stabilizes the microtubules. Immunologically and ultrastructurally(More)
In humans, the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is polymorphic with the alleles APOE epsilon 2, 3 and 4 coding for apolipoproteins (Apo) E2, 3 and 4. Apart from age, the APOE epsilon 4 allele represents the most important risk factor in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Compared to APOE epsilon 3 homozygotes, the histopathological onset of tau pathology is(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a fatal, progressive neurovisceral disorder. Several studies report that the autophagic flux is disturbed in NPC1-deficient (NPC1-/-) cells. Since it has been suggested that the autophagic defect may contribute to the neurodegeneration, we used cell cultures of NPC1-deficient and NPC1-wildtype neurons to investigate(More)
The F-actin distribution in caulonemal tip cells of the mossCeratodon purpureus was examined by rhodamine-phalloidin staining. Gravitropically-growing caulonemal tip cells of the moss possess a distinct alignment of microfilaments (MFs) in their apices. Axially oriented actin bundles run from subapical regions to the apex where they converge towards a(More)
Tau is an important microtubule-stabilizing protein in neurons. In its hyperphosphorylated form, Tau protein loses its ability to bind to microtubules and then accumulates and is part of pathological lesions characterizing tauopathies, e.g. Alzheimer disease. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta), antagonized by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), regulates(More)
Inheritance of the epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE, gene; apoE, protein) represents the most common genetic risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the role of apoE in AD pathogenesis is yet to be clarified. A number of studies investigating apoE expression and protein levels in AD brain in correlation to its genetic polymorphism(More)
Niemann Pick type C (NPC1) is a rare fatal hereditary cholesterol storage disease associated with a massive Purkinje cells loss. The mechanisms leading to neurodegeneration are still poorly understood. Different laboratories pointed to hypersensitivity to cytotoxic effects of statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) in NPC1 and suggested an underlying lack of(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is the major apolipoprotein in the brain and is known for its important role in plasticity and neurodegeneration. We show that apoE dose-dependently increases intracellular free Ca2+ in rat hippocampal astrocytes and neurons. This effect varies with isoforms in the order E4 > E3 > E2. It is insensitive to blockade of action(More)