Volker Mailaender

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Tumor cell lines are often used as models for the study of nanoparticle-cell interactions. Here we demonstrate that carboxy (PS-COOH) and amino functionalized (PS-NH2) polystyrene nanoparticles of ∼100 nm in diameter are internalized by human macrophages, by undifferentiated and by PMA-differentiated monocytic THP-1 cells via diverse mechanisms. The uptake(More)
Evaluation of potential antineoplastic therapies would be enhanced by noninvasive detection of tumor cells in living animals. Because light is transmitted through mammalian tissues, it was possible to use bioluminescence to monitor (both externally and quantitatively) growth and regression of labeled human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells engrafted into(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are frequently used for cell labeling or as diagnostic contrast media, yet studies analyzing their effects on immune cells remain scarce. Here we investigated how nanosized carboxydextran-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) might affect human macrophages.(More)
Cell labeling by superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIO) has emerged as a potentially powerful tool to monitor trafficking of transplanted cells by magnetic resonance tomography, e.g., in studies for tissue repair. However, intracellular labeling is mostly achieved by transfection agents not approved for clinical use. In this work, the feasibility and(More)
To assess the effect of autologous bone-marrow cell (BMC) therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction in a rigorous double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Patients with reperfusion >6 hours after symptom onset were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive intracoronary BMC or placebo therapy 5 to 7 days after symptom onset. The(More)
Mutations within CLCN1, the gene encoding the major skeletal muscle chloride channel, cause either dominant Thomsen disease or recessive Becker-type myotonia, which are sometimes difficult to discriminate, because of reduced penetrance or lower clinical expressivity in females. We screened DNA of six unrelated Becker patients and found four novel CLCN1(More)
Specifically designed and functionalized nanoparticles hold great promise for biomedical applications. Yet, the applicability of nanoparticles is critically predetermined by their surface functionalization. Here we demonstrate that amino-functionalized polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-NH(2)) of ∼100 nm in diameter, but not carboxyl- or nonfunctionalized(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS The clinical use of human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) requires ex vivo expansion in media containing supplements such as fetal bovine serum or, alternatively, human platelet lysate (PL). METHODS Platelet concentrates were frozen, quarantine stored, thawed and sterile filtered to obtain PL. PL content and its effect on(More)
The group of dominant non-dystrophic myotonias, comprising disorders characterized by clinically similar forms of myogenic muscle stiffness, is genetically inhomogeneous. Dominant myotonia congenita (Thomsen's disease) is linked to CLCN1, the gene encoding the major muscle chloride channel, localized on chromosome 7q35. In contrast, dominant myotonias(More)