Volker Knospe

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OBJECTIVE Retinal arterial occlusion is one of the most dramatic problems faced by ophthalmologists because of its sudden onset and the severe consequences it may have on the visual system. In this study, local intra-arterial fibrinolysis (LIF) using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA) as a new technique for the treatment of retinal arterial(More)
This prospective trial was designed to evaluate the incidence of Terson syndrome in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, or traumatic brain injury and whether consequences necessarily derive from the intraocular hemorrhage itself. Two ophthalmologic examinations were performed to identify patients with Terson syndrome.(More)
Previous attempts to prepare monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against S-antigen, a photoreceptor cell protein involved in the visual process and a potent autoantigen for the induction of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU), have yielded MAbs which define only carboxyl terminal epitopes. In this study we devised alternate strategies to prepare five MAbs(More)
A 37-year-old man with hemophilia B, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and a unilateral cytomegalovirus retinitis developed a central retinal vein occlusion. This vascular complication occurred despite effective antiviral drug treatment with improvement of the fundus and despite decreased blood coagulability due to hemophilia B. Additional analyses of(More)
Infectious complications remain a major problem after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Specifically Toxoplasma gondii infection is a life-threatening condition in immunocompromised patients. In order to highlight the difficulties in obtaining an early and definitive diagnosis, we report three cases of toxoplasmosis after HSCT for(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze the need for surgical intervention in Terson's syndrome (TS) and the rate of TS, as well as the effect of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, complications, correlations between TS and sex, and the influence of the severity of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) expressed by Glasgow Coma(More)
INTRODUCTION Intraocular hemorrhage in patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is known as Terson's syndrome and is an underestimated but common pathology. We therefore designed a prospective single-blinded study to evaluate the validity of ocular ultrasound compared to the gold standard indirect funduscopy in the diagnosis of Terson's(More)
We examined the binding of seven murine monoclonal antibodies raised to S-antigen, an immunopathogenic, 404 residue photoreceptor cell autoantigen which induces experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis. S-antigen has also been identified as arrestin, a protein involved in the regulation of phototransduction. One additional monoclonal antibody (C10C10), raised(More)
BACKGROUND Intraocular findings in sarcoidosis were described by US studies with 35 % anterior uveitis, 25 % posterior uveitis and 20 - 30 % for late complications in case of first presentation. We report on the spectrum and diagnostic possibilities in 38 German patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS 38 patients (68 eyes) aged 11 - 58 years (average 42.7 y), who(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is a predominantly T-cell-mediated autoimmune inflammatory disease of the retina and uveal tract of the eye. Retinal S-antigen, a protein found in retinal photoreceptor cells, is a potent agent for the induction of EAU in susceptible species and strains. Elevated titers of antibody to S-antigen have been reported(More)