Immune mechanisms and the renin-angiotensin system are implicated in preeclampsia. We investigated 25 preeclamptic patients and compared them with 12 normotensive pregnant women and 10 pregnant patients with essential hypertension. Antibodies were detected by the chronotropic responses to AT1 receptor-mediated stimulation of cultured neonatal rat… (More)
BACKGROUND We recently identified agonistic autoantibodies directed against the angiotensin AT1 receptor (AT1-AA) in the plasma of preeclamptic women. To elucidate their role further, we studied the effects of AT1-AA on reactive oxygen species (ROS), NADPH oxidase expression, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. METHODS AND RESULTS We… (More)
BACKGROUND Oedema and vascular leakage play a part in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. We tested the hypothesis that serum from pre-eclamptic patients increases endothelial-cell permeability and examined possible signal-transduction pathways. METHODS We studied eight patients with pre-eclampsia, eight normotensive pregnant women, eight non-pregnant… (More)
BACKGROUND Agonistic autoantibodies directed at the alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1)-AAB) have been described in patients with hypertension. We implied earlier that alpha(1)-AAB might have a mechanistic role and could represent a therapeutic target. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To pursue the issue, we performed clinical and basic studies. We… (More)
BACKGROUND We recently described autoantibodies (angiotensin-1 receptor autoantibodies, AT(1)-AA) directed at the AT(1) receptor in the serum of preeclamptic patients, whose placentas are commonly infarcted and express tissue factor (TF). Mechanisms of how AT(1)-AA might contribute to preeclampsia are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that AT(1)-AA cause… (More)
Background: Agonistic autoantibodies directed at the a 1-adrenergic receptor (a 1-AAB) have been described in patients with hypertension. We implied earlier that a 1-AAB might have a mechanistic role and could represent a therapeutic target.
Endothelial cell activation is important in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia; however, the nature of the activation is unknown. We investigated 22 patients with preeclampsia. 29 normotensive pregnancies, and 18 nonpregnant women to test the hypothesis that serum from preeclamptic patients induces expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and… (More)