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Glycoside hydrolase family 4 represents an unusual group of glucosidases with a requirement for NAD+, divalent metal cations, and reducing conditions. The family is also unique in its inclusion of both alpha- and beta-specific enzymes. The alpha-glucosidase A, AglA, from Thermotoga maritima is a typical glycoside hydrolase family 4 enzyme, requiring NAD+(More)
An exploratory, prospective, open-label study of fumaric acid esters (FAE, Fumaderm(R)) was conducted in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). The study consisted of the following four phases: 6-week baseline, 18-week treatment (target dose of 720 mg/day), 4-week washout, and a second 48-week treatment phase (target dose of 360(More)
Available immunomodulatory and conventional steroid treatment regimens provide a limited symptomatic benefit for patients with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). We performed an open trial on the short-term efficacy of repeated intrathecal application of the sustained release steroid triamcinolone acetonide (TCA) in 27 progressive MS patients. Six TCA(More)
Available immunomodulatory and conventional steroid treatment options for patients with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) only provide limited symptomatic benefit. We performed an open trial on the short-term and long-term efficacy and safety of repeated intrathecal application of the sustained release steroid triamcinolone acetonide (TCA) in 36(More)
AIM In this paper, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are presented as feasible carriers for carboplatin, a therapeutic agent for cancer treatment. The drug was introduced into CNTs to demonstrate that they are suited as nanocontainers and nanocarriers and can release the drug to initialize its medical virtue. METHOD The filling was accomplished by a wet-chemical(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of Clariscan, an intravascular contrast agent, for free breathing, navigator assisted, high resolution, three-dimensional-magnetic resonance coronary angiography (MRCA) in patients, as extracellular contrast agents are unfavorable for the improvement of image quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRCA was performed in 10(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Impaired remyelination and axonal degeneration may account for progressive disability in MS patients. As ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) takes part in myelogenesis, we examined the frequency of a CNTF-null mutation in 349 MS patients with respect to their(More)
We evaluated the use of Clariscan 0.75, 2, and 5 mg Fe/kg body weight in six patients to determine optimal dosing for short repetition time cine imaging. Breathhold cine images were acquired in the vertical and horizontal long axes and the short axis. Blood-pool signal-to-noise ratio increased significantly in all planes (p < 0.01) but was least marked in(More)