Volker Hessel

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Threonine aldolase (TA) from Thermotoga maritima was immobilized on an Eupergit support by both a direct and an indirect method. The incubation time for the direct immobilization method was optimized for the highest amount of enzyme on the support. By introducing the immobilized TA in a packed-bed microreactor, a flow synthesis of phenylserine was(More)
The mixing quality of a single mixing unit and mixer arrays having various designs was characterized. A known test reaction for mixing quality had to be optimized, since a much higher sensitivity as for the characterization of macroscopic mixers was needed. This adapted test reaction allowed not only the characterization of the mixing quality but also(More)
The application of microstructured reactors in the chemical process industry has gained significant importance in recent years. Companies that offer not only microstructured reactors, but also entire chemical process plants and services relating to them, are already in existence. In addition, many institutes and universities are active within this field,(More)
Novel Process Windows make use of process conditions that are far from conventional practices. This involves the use of high temperatures, high pressures, high concentrations (solvent-free), new chemical transformations, explosive conditions, and process simplification and integration to boost synthetic chemistry on both the laboratory and production scale.(More)
We have prepared self-assembled monolayers of novel cationic bolaform amphiphiles on negatively charged substrates. Most of these amphiphiles form smooth, defect-free monolayers which can be used to reverse the substrate surface charge and thus allow subsequent adsorption of anionic molecules and construction of multilayers. Atomic force microscopy, surface(More)
The dispersion of two immiscible fluids in a static micromixer comprising interdigital channels with corrugated walls was investigated using silicon oil dispersed in dyed as well as pure water as test systems. Silicon oil and water flow rates between 20 mL/h to 500 mL/h and 150 mL/h to 700 mL/h were used, respectively. The experiments revealed the(More)
The terminology Novel Process Window unites different methods to improve existing processes by applying unconventional and harsh process conditions like: process routes at much elevated pressure, much elevated temperature, or processing in a thermal runaway regime to achieve a significant impact on process performance. This paper is a review of parts of(More)
AVOIDING THE COPPERS: A continuous-flow synthesis for the Cu(I) -catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction using [Cu(phenanthroline)(PPh₃)₂]NO₃ as a homogeneous catalyst is developed (up to 92 % isolated yield). Elevated temperatures allow achieving full conversions and using lower catalyst loadings. Residual copper in the triazole compound is(More)
A second generation micro-mixer, being a further optimised version of a first prototype, relying on the consequent utilisation of the split-and-recombine principle is presented. We show that the mixing can be characterized by a positive finite-time Lyapunov exponent although being highly regular and uniform. Using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) we(More)
The simple transfer of established chemical production processes from batch to flow chemistry does not automatically result in more sustainable ones. Detailed process understanding and the motivation to scrutinize known process conditions are necessary factors for success. Although the focus is usually "only" on intensifying transport phenomena to operate(More)