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Fascinating progress in the understanding of the molecular biology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) was achieved recently. The replicon system revolutionized the investigation of HCV RNA replication and facilitated drug discovery. Novel systems for functional analyses of the HCV glycoproteins allowed the validation of HCV receptor candidates and the investigation(More)
UNLABELLED Coinfection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been associated with severe liver disease and frequent progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Clinical evidence suggests reciprocal replicative suppression of the two viruses, or viral interference. However, interactions between HBV and HCV have been(More)
Telomere shortening has been causally linked to replicative senescence in human cells. To characterize telomere-length heterogeneity in peripheral blood cells of normal individuals, we analysed the mean length of telomeric repeat sequences in subpopulations of peripheral blood leucocytes, using fluorescence in situ hybridization and flow cytometry(More)
Bacterial and fungal infections are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in neutropenic patients. To resolve infections, an adequate number of functional granulocytes is required. Successful treatment of severe infections with granulocyte transfusions is strongly dependent on an adequate number of transfused cells. In this study, 42 neutropenic(More)
Chronic hepatitis C is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Although current treatment options are limited, progress in understanding the molecular virology of hepatitis C has led to the identification of novel antiviral targets. Moreover, in vitro and in vivo model systems have been developed that allow systematic(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), represented by nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B), belongs to a class of integral membrane proteins termed tail-anchored proteins. Its membrane association is mediated by the C-terminal 21 amino acid residues, which are dispensable for RdRp activity in vitro. For this study, we investigated the(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) is a membrane-associated, essential component of the viral replication complex. Here, we report the three-dimensional structure of the membrane anchor domain of NS5A as determined by NMR spectroscopy. An alpha-helix extending from amino acid residue 5 to 25 was observed in the presence of different(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3-4A is a membrane-associated multifunctional protein harboring serine protease and RNA helicase activities. It is an essential component of the HCV replication complex and a prime target for antiviral intervention. Here, we show that membrane association and structural organization of HCV NS3-4A are ensured in a cooperative manner(More)
Dear Editor, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is increasingly recognized as an important cause of chronic liver disease in immunocompromised patients, in particular following organ transplantation [1]. Chronic HEV infection can be controlled in most cases by reducing immunosuppressive therapies and/or antiviral therapy with ribavirin [2]. Diagnosis and(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Here, we will briefly review current concepts of the molecular virology of hepatitis C. In vitro and in vivo models of HCV replication will be discussed in this context. Finally, novel antiviral strategies will be outlined that(More)