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Static energy due to subthreshold leakage current is projected to become a major component of the total energy in high performance microprocessors. Many studies so far have examined and proposed techniques to reduce leakage in on-chip storage structures. In this study, static energy is reduced in the integer functional units by leveraging the unique(More)
—Data stability of SRAM cells has become an important issue with the scaling of CMOS technology. Memory banks are also important sources of leakage since the majority of transistors are utilized for on-chip caches in today's high performance microprocessors. A new nine-transistor (9T) SRAM cell is proposed in this paper for simultaneously reducing leakage(More)
—The supply voltage to threshold voltage ratio is reduced with each new technology generation. The gate overdrive variation with temperature plays an increasingly important role in determining the speed characteristics of CMOS integrated circuits. The temperature-dependent propagation delay characteristics, as shown in this brief, will experience a complete(More)
—A variable threshold voltage keeper circuit technique is proposed for simultaneous power reduction and speed enhancement of domino logic circuits. The threshold voltage of a keeper transistor is dynamically modified during circuit operation to reduce contention current without sacrificing noise immunity. The variable threshold voltage keeper circuit(More)
A low swing domino logic technique is proposed to decrease power consumption without sacrificing noise immunity. With the proposed low swing domino logic circuit technique, active power consumption is reduced by up to 9.4% while improving the noise immunity by 2.6% as compared to standard domino logic circuits. It is also shown that by applying a low swing(More)
— The design of an efficient monolithic buck converter is presented in this paper. A low swing MOSFET gate drive technique is proposed that improves the efficiency characteristics of a DC-DC converter. A model of the parasitic impedances of a buck converter is developed. With this model, a design space is described which characterizes the integration of(More)
—A low-voltage-swing MOSFET gate drive technique is proposed in this paper for enhancing the efficiency characteristics of high-frequency-switching dc–dc converters. The parasitic power dissipation of a dc–dc converter is reduced by lowering the voltage swing of the power transistor gate drivers. A comprehensive circuit model of the parasitic impedances of(More)
Multi-threshold voltage CMOS (MTCMOS) is an effective technique for suppressing the leakage currents in idle circuits. When the conventional MTCMOS technique is directly applied to a sequential circuit however the stored data is lost during the low-leakage sleep mode. Significant energy and timing penalties are suffered to restore the pre-sleep system state(More)