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This paper describes an ISO project developing an international standard for annotating dialogue with semantic information, in particular concerning the communicative functions of the utterances, the kind of content they address, and the dependency relations to what was said and done earlier in the dialogue. The project, registered as ISO 24617-2 Semantic… (More)
This research compares several of the thematic roles of Verb Net (VN) to those of the Linguistic Infrastructure for Interoperable Resources and Systems (LIRICS). The purpose of this comparison is to develop a standard set of thematic roles that would be suited to a variety of natural language processing (NLP) applications. We draw from both resources to… (More)
Abstract In this paper we report on the analyses of alternative approaches to semantic role annotation (FrameNet (FrameNet, 2005), PropBank (Palmer et al., 2005) and VerbNet (Kipper, 2006)) with respect to their models of description; granularity of semantic role sets; definitions of semantic roles concepts; and consistency and reliability of annotations,… (More)
This paper summarizes the latest, final version of ISO standard 24617-2 “Semantic annotation framework, Part 2: Dialogue acts”. Compared to the preliminary version ISO DIS 24617-2:2010, described in Bunt et al. (2010), the final version additionally includes concepts for annotating rhetorical relations between dialogue units, defines a full-blown… (More)
This paper presents a machine learning-based approach to the incremental understanding of dialogue utterances, with a focus on the recognition of their communicative functions. A token-based approach combining the use of local classifiers, which exploit local utterance features, and global classifiers which use the outputs of local classifiers applied to… (More)
This paper presents empirical evidence for the orthogonality of the DIT multidimensional dialogue act annotation scheme, showing that the ten dimensions of communication which underly this scheme are addressed independently in natural dialogue.
The paper describes a project for continuous data collection for a spoken dialogue system engaged in Question-Answering interactions in English. The Wizard-of-Oz method used in the bootstrap phase is presented, and several types of resulting dialogue annotations are described. The resulting corpus will be publicly released.
This study is concerned with the identification and analysis of dimensions of communication in dialogue, with the aim to provide theoretical and empirical arguments for chosing the dimensions in the ISO standard for dialogue act annotation 24617-2 “Semantic annotation framework, Part 2: Dialogue acts”. A ‘dimension’ in this context is a cluster of… (More)
This paper describes a method to automatically create dialogue resources annotated with dialogue act information by reusing existing dialogue corpora. Numerous dialogue corpora are available for research purposes and many of them are annotated with dialogue act information that captures the intentions encoded in user utterances. Annotated dialogue… (More)
We describe the preparation of parallel corpora based on professional quality subtitles in seven European language pairs. The main focus is the effect of the processing steps on the size and quality of the final corpora.