Vlastislav Bracha

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The cerebellar interposed nuclei (IN) are an essential part of circuits that control classically conditioned eyeblinks in the rabbit. The function of the IN is under the control of GABAergic projections from Purkinje cells of the cerebellar cortex. The exact involvement of cerebellar cortical input into the IN during eyeblink expression is not clear. While(More)
Intracranial microinjections of the GABAA agonist muscimol were used to assess the involvement of the dentato-interposed cerebellar nuclear complex in the performance of the conditioned (CR) and unconditioned (UR) nictitating membrane responses in the rabbit. Specifically, the experiments test the hypothesis that the cerebellar nuclei are involved in the(More)
 Temporary inactivation of the cerebellar interposed nuclei was used to assess the role of the intermediate cerebellum in the performance of forelimb cutaneo-muscular reflexes in the cat. The following types of reflexive responses were evaluated: the classically conditioned and unconditioned forelimb withdrawal responses and the forelimb tactile placing,(More)
The inferior olive (IO) is a required component of neural circuits controlling the classical conditioning of eyeblink responses. Previous reports indicated that lesioning or inactivating the IO abolishes conditioned eyeblinks (CRs), but there was disagreement regarding the timing of the CR performance deficit. As a result, it was not clear whether IO(More)
Reach-to-grasp movements of patients with pathology restricted to the cerebellum were compared with those of normal controls. Two types of paradigms with different accuracy constraints were used to examine whether cerebellar impairment disrupts the stereotypic relationship between arm transport and grip aperture and whether the variability of this(More)
The purpose of these experiments was to examine the role of the human cerebellum in the acquisition and retention of conditioned reflexes. Normal human subjects and patients with cerebellar lesions were tested for their capacity to acquire, retain and express conditioned eyeblink responses. In acquisition tests, subjects were trained in a delay classical(More)
This review focuses on the role of the cerebellum in regulating cutaneomuscular reflexes and provides a hypothesis regarding the way in which this action contributes to the coordination of goal-directed movements of the extremities. Specific attention is directed towards the cerebellum's role in conditioned and unconditioned eyeblink reflexes and limb(More)
In the present paper, we examine the role of the cerebellar interpositus nucleus (IN) in motor and non-motor domains. Recent findings are considered, and we share the following conclusions: IN as part of the olivo-cortico-nuclear microcircuit is involved in providing powerful timing signals important in coordinating limb movements; IN could participate in(More)
These experiments were designed to examine the effects of inactivating separately each of the major cerebellar nuclear regions in cats on the execution and retention of a previously learned, operantly conditioned volitional forelimb movement. The experiments test the postulates that the cerebellar nuclei, and particularly the interposed nuclei, contribute(More)
 The cerebellar interposed nuclei are considered critical components of circuits controlling the classical conditioning of eyeblink responses in several mammalian species. The main purpose of the present experiments was to examine whether the interposed nuclei are also involved in the control of classically conditioned withdrawal responses in other(More)