Vlastimil Kostka

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A novel effective procedure for the purification of cathepsin D inhibitor from potatoes (PDI) was developed. The amino acid sequence of PDI was determined by analysis of the cyanogen bromide digest and of the limited tryptic and chymotryptic digest of the protein. The inhibitor is a single polypeptide chain protein consisting of 188 residues with a simple(More)
The action of bovine spleen cathepsin B as a dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase on newly synthesized substrates of the type peptidyl-X-p-nitrophenylalanyl (Phe(NO2))-Y (X,Y = amino acid residue) or 5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl (Dns)-peptidyl-X-Phe(NO2)-Y was investigated. The kinetic parameters of hydrolysis of the X-Phe(NO2) bond were determined by(More)
Bovine spleen cathepsin B contains 7 disulfide bridges. Using different chemical and enzymatic cleavage methods we isolated fragments representing the individual disulfides: Cys14-Cys43, Cys26-Cys71, Cys62-Cys128, Cys63-Cys67, Cys100-Cys132, Cys108-Cys119, and Cys148-Cys252. A similar line of approach was applied to determine the S-S bridges of bovine(More)
1. Prochymosin (EC and pepsinogen A (EC from Mongolian lamb (Ovis platyurea) were purified to homogeneity by salt precipitation, gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. 2. Immunoelectrophoresis shows partial immunochemical identity between chymosins and pepsins from lamb and cattle, respectively. 2. Activity determinations,(More)
Investigations of protein structures have made extensive use of trypsin to obtain specific cleavage of the peptide chains at the carboxyl groups of lysine and arginine and more recently of aminoethylcysteine residues (1, 2). Unfortunately for such studies, it has been noted that many samples of crystalline trypsin display appreciable amounts of chymotrypsin(More)
The following amino acid sequence of the tryptic SH-peptide of thermitase, a thermostable serine proteinase from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, was determined: Val-Val-Gly-Gly-Trp-Asp-Phe-Val-Asp-Asn-Asp-Ser-Thr- Pro-Gln-Asn-Gly-Asn-Gly-64His-Gly-Thr-His-68Cys-Ala- Gly-Ile-Ala-Ala-Ala-Val-Thr-Asn-Asn-Ser-Thr-Gly-Ile- Ala-Gly-Thr-Ala-Pro-Lys. This sequence(More)
Comparison of the three-dimensional structure of bovine chymosin with the structures of homologous aspartic proteinases complexed with peptide inhibitors shows that Val111 in chymosin occupies a position between the specificity subsites S1 and S3. A mutation corresponding to Val111 to Phe has been introduced in an intermediary plasmid construct of(More)