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The CCR5-Delta32 deletion obliterates the CCR5 chemokine and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 coreceptor on lymphoid cells, leading to strong resistance against HIV-1 infection and AIDS. A genotype survey of 4,166 individuals revealed a cline of CCR5-Delta32 allele frequencies of 0%-14% across Eurasia, whereas the variant is absent among native(More)
Wide inter-individual variation of expression of compound metabolic enzymes is determined by polymorphism and may predispose the development of diseases provoked by environmental factors. The combined analysis of phase II detoxification system genes: arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2), and glutathione S-transferases (GST) M1 and T1 was carried out in(More)
A homozygous gene deletion at the glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) locus of genomic DNA from blood spots was studied by PCR in the group of Slavic populations from the north-western and central-eastern regions of European Russia and in patients with lung cancer (LC), other tumors (OT), endometriosis (E), alcoholic cirrhosis (AC), cystic fibrosis (CF)(More)
Polymorphysms of the three genes encoding phase 1 (CYP1A1, mEPH1, and CYP2E2) and the three genes encoding phase 2 (NAT2, GSTM1, and GSTT1) xenobiotic detoxication enzymes were typed by use of PCR in 74 patients with extragenital endometriosis. Distribution of the CYP1A1, mEPHX1, CYP2E1, NAT2, and GSTM1 polymorphic alleles in the patient group corresponded(More)
The relative frequencies of the normal (+) and null (0) alleles of the glutathione-S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) gene, as well as those of the rapid (R) and slow (S) forms of N-acetyl transferase 2 (NAT-2), were studied in the Russian and French populations and in endometriosis (EM) patients. In the total Russian and French populations, the proportions of(More)
New molecular-genetic methods stimulate substantial advances in complex diseases studies, speed up identification of new candidate genes participating in functional genetic modules (gene nets) associated with many common diseases. Decisive impact of predictive genetic studies in efficient implementation of genomic technology advances into presymptomatic(More)
Large-scale population researches, diagnostics of genetic predisposition to multifactorial diseases, screening of the polymorphic loci associated with individual sensitivity to pharmaceutical preparations, require the development of effective, exact and rapid methods of analysis for detection of many mutations simultaneously. One of the most perspective(More)
We performed a stage-by-stage study of DNA methylation patterns in metaphase chromosomes from blastomeres of triploid and abnormal diploid human embryos. QFH-banded homologous parental chromosomes differ in their DNA methylation patterns at the metaphase of the 1st cleavage division. Chromosomes of both parental genomes are gradually demethylated at(More)
The genetic polymorphism of glutathione- S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and glutathione- S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) genes and the cytochrome P4501A1 gene responsible for xenobiotic conjugating enzymes of the phase II and phase I detoxification system were studied by PCR-RFLP in the blood spots of 109 patients with atopic bronchial asthma and 90 healthy individuals.(More)