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Members of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily have a broad substrate specificity in catalyzing the reduction of carbonyl group-containing xenobiotics. In the present investigation, a member of the aldose reductase subfamily, AKR1B10, was purified from human liver cytosol. This is the first time AKR1B10 has been purified in its native form. AKR1B10(More)
In vitro activities of cytochromes P450 (7-alkyl/aryloxyresorufin dealkyl(aryl)ases, testosterone hydroxylase/oxidase, 6-chlorzoxazone hydroxylase, 7-methoxy-4-trifluoromethyl-coumarin demethylase, and lauric acid hydroxylases), reductases of carbonyl group (toward metyrapone, daunorubicin, glyceraldehyde, and 4-pyridine-carboxaldehyde) and conjugation(More)
1. Nabumetone is a clinically used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, its biotransformation includes major active metabolite 6-methoxy-2-naphtylacetic acid and another three phase I as well as corresponding phase II metabolites which are regarded as inactive. One important biotransformation pathway is carbonyl reduction, which leads to the phase I(More)
2-arylpropionic acid derivatives are probably the most frequently cited drugs exhibiting the phenomenon that is best known as chiral inversion. One enantiomer of drug is converted into its antipode either in the presence of a solvent or more often in inner environment of an organism. Mechanistic studies of the metabolic chiral inversion were carried out for(More)
AKR1C3 (also known as 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 5 or 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2) functions as a 3-keto, 17-keto and 20-ketosteroid reductase and as a 3alpha-, 17beta- and 20alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidase. Relatively high mRNA expression of AKR1C3 was found in human prostate and mammary gland where it is implicated in regulating(More)
In many cases, cancer chemotherapy still obtains unsatisfactory response rates, rare complete remissions and responses of relatively short duration. Therefore, more effective drugs with new structures against cancer are continuously sought. Oracin, 6-[2-(2-hydroxyethyl)-aminoethyl]-5,11-dioxo-5,6-dihydro-11H-indeno[1,2-c]isoquinoline, is a new anticancer(More)
Aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) play central roles in the reductive metabolism of endogenous signaling molecules and in the detoxification of xenobiotics. AKRC1-1C3, AKR1B1 and AKR1B10 have been shown to be regulated via nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor that is activated upon oxidative stress. Proteasome inhibitors(More)
The best known, most widely studied enzyme system in phase I biotransformation is cytochrome P450 (CYP), which participates in the metabolism of roughly 9 of 10 drugs in use today. The main biotransformation isoforms of CYP are associated with the membrane of the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER). Other enzymes that are also active in phase I biotransformation(More)
The understanding of drug biotransformation is an important medical topic. The oxidative pathways that involve CYPs have been extensively studied in drug metabolism in contrast to the reductive pathways. This review focuses on drugs that have been reported to be reduced at the carbonyl group in vivo. Although the carbonyl reduction of these drugs is well(More)
The potential benzo(c)fluorene antineoplastic agent benfluron (B) displays high activity against a broad spectrum of experimental tumours in vitro and in vivo. In order to suppress some of its undesirable properties, its structure has been modified. Benfluron N-oxide (B N-oxide) is one of benfluron derivatives tested. The main metabolic pathway of B N-oxide(More)