Learn More
We determined the neurogenesis characteristics of a distinct subclass of rat striatum gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) interneurons expressing the calcium-binding protein calretinin (CR). Timed-pregnant rats were given an intraperitoneal injection of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a marker of cell proliferation, on designated days between embryonic(More)
Here, we show that the p53 family member, p73, is necessary for survival and long-term maintenance of CNS neurons, including postnatal cortical neurons. In p73-/- animals, cortical neuron number is normal at birth but decreases significantly by postnatal day 14 (P14)-P16 because of enhanced apoptosis. This decrease continues into adulthood, when p73-/-(More)
Current antidepressants are clinically effective only after several weeks of administration. Here, we show that serotonin(4) (5-HT(4)) agonists reduce immobility in the forced swimming test, displaying an antidepressant potential. Moreover, a 3 day regimen with such compounds modifies rat brain parameters considered to be key markers of antidepressant(More)
In addition to the cerebral cortex, the striatum receives excitatory input from the thalamus. The centromedian (centre median, CM) and parafascicular (Pf) nuclei are an important source of thalamostriatal projections. Anterograde tract-tracing indicates the CM-Pf complex provides dense afferents to the matrix compartment of the striatum. Whereas CM projects(More)
In this study, we evaluate the performance of a flow-based surface evolution fiber tracking algorithm by means of a physical anisotropic diffusion phantom with known connectivity. We introduce a novel speed function for surface evolution that is derived from either diffusion tensor (DT) data, high angular resolution diffusion (HARD) data, or a combined(More)
Pioneering work indicates that the final position of neurons in specific layers of the mammalian cerebral cortex is determined primarily by birthdate. Glutamatergic projection neurons are born in the cortical proliferative zones of the dorsal telencephalon, and follow an "inside-out" neurogenesis gradient: later-born cohorts migrate radially past(More)
DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer), a receptor for the axon guidance cue netrin-1, is highly expressed by mesencephalic dopaminergic (DA) neurons during development; however, the contribution of DCC to DA development remains largely uncharacterized. DA neurons in ventral mesencephalic nuclei also express UNC5 homologue netrin receptors from late(More)
Patients with Huntington's disease (HD) and transgenic mouse models of HD show neuronal loss in the striatum as a major feature, which contributes to cognitive and motor manifestations. Reduced expression of the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in striatal afferents may play a role in neuronal loss. How progressive loss of BDNF(More)
Recent studies have proposed that glutamate corelease by mesostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons regulates behavioral activation by psychostimulants. How and when glutamate release by DA neurons might play this role remains unclear. Considering evidence for early expression of the type 2 vesicular glutamate transporter in mesencephalic DA neurons, we(More)
Major classical neurotransmitters including GABA and glutamate play novel morphogenic roles during development of the mammalian CNS. During forebrain neurogenesis, glutamate regulates neuroblast proliferation in different germinal domains using receptor subtype-specific mechanisms. For example, ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or(More)