Vladimir V. Lukashov

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A sequence-independent PCR amplification method was used to identify viral nucleic acids in the plasma samples of 25 individuals presenting with symptoms of acute viral infection following high-risk behavior for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission. GB virus C/hepatitis G virus was identified in three individuals and hepatitis B virus in one(More)
The antigenic diversity threshold theory predicts that antigenic sites of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, such as the V3 region of the external glycoprotein gp120, evolve more rapidly during the symptom-free period in individuals progressing to AIDS than in those who remain asymptomatic for a long time. To test this hypothesis, genomic RNA sequences(More)
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a serious problem in the United States. An unidentified agent was cultured from the stool of an infant who presented with FUO. This virus showed growth in HFDK cells and suckling mice. Using DNase sequence-independent single-primer amplification, we identified several nucleotide sequences with a high homology to Theiler's(More)
Control of viremia in natural human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in humans is associated with a virus-specific T-cell response. However, still much is unknown with regard to the extent of CD8(+) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses required to successfully control HIV-1 infection and to what extent CTL epitope escape can account for(More)
To establish an epidemiological link between HIV-1 epidemics in U.S. and European homosexual men and intravenous drug users (IVDUs) we analyzed the HIV-1 gp120 V3 sequences in both risk groups. Signature pattern analysis revealed that the V3 sequences of viruses from IVDUs in Northern Europe are distinguishable from those of homosexual men on the basis of(More)
The objective of this retrospective cohort study is to assess the mechanism by which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) influences hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication in injecting drug users. Virological (HCV and HIV RNA levels) and immunological (CD4+, CD8+ cell counts, and anti-CD3 reactivity) parameters were determined in 19 HCV seroconverters in(More)
The current classification of parvoviruses is based on virus host range and helper virus dependence, while little data on evolutionary relationships among viruses are available. We identified and analyzed 472 sequences of parvoviruses, among which there were (virtually) full-length genomes of all 41 viruses currently recognized as individual species within(More)
In most HIV-infected individuals adherent to modern antiretroviral therapy (ART), plasma viremia stays undetectable by clinical assays and therefore, additional virological markers for monitoring and predicting therapy responses and for measuring the degree of HIV persistence in patients on ART should be identified. For the above purposes, quantitation of(More)
The effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the standard of care for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, is assessed by measuring the viral RNA load in plasma. A patient is considered to be successfully treated when the HIV-1 load in plasma stays below the detection limit of commercial assays.(More)
The presence of the novel parvovirus PARV4 and a related variant, PARV5, was recently demonstrated in pooled plasma used in the manufacture of blood and plasma-derived medicinal products. DNA sequence analysis of nearly full-length genomes of four PARV4 and two PARV5 strains from manufacturing plasma pools is now presented. Like PARV4, PARV5 encodes two(More)