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An O-specific polysaccharide was isolated from the lipopolysaccharide of a plant-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 and studied by sugar analyses along with one- and two-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including NOESY. The polysaccharide was found to be a new rhamnan with a pentasaccharide repeating unit having the following(More)
Maintenance of pH 7.0 during the fermentation period favors accumulation of high-molecular polysaccharide-containing components, the so-called lipopolysaccharide-protein and polysaccharide-lipid complexes, in the capsules and culture medium. Increased pH of the culture medium to 8.0 reduced the period of exponential growth and the yield of(More)
The results of flame (FAAS) or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric (GFAAS) analyses are presented and discussed on the accumulation of essential metals (Mg, Ca, Mn and Fe contained in the cultivation medium) and traces of each one of the conventionally xenobiotic elements from the group V, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn or Pb, added to the medium in(More)
Structural and compositional features of bacterial cell samples and of lipopolysaccharide±protein complex isolated from the cell surface of the plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense (wild-type strain Sp7) were characterised using Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectroscopy. The structural spectroscopic information obtained is analysed(More)
Quantum chemical methods AM1 and PM3 and chromatographic methods were used to qualitatively characterize pathways of bacterial production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The standard free energy changes (delta G(o)'sum) for the synthesis of tryptophan (Trp) from chorismic acid via anthranilic acid and indole were calculated, as were those for several(More)
The effects of copper ions on the uptake of some essential metals in the biomass and the electrooptical properties of cell suspensions of the nitrogen-fixing soil bacterium Azospirillum brasilense sp. 245 were studied. Copper cations were shown to be effectively taken up by the cell biomass from the culture medium. The addition of copper ions increased the(More)
Infrared spectroscopic, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric and microscopic studies, atomic spectrometry, and ion chromatography trace elemental analyses of insoluble mineral crystals produced in a synthetic phosphate-containing medium during cultivation of the soil bacterium Azospirillum brasilense (strain Sp245) were carried out. The structure and(More)
Indole acetic acid (IAA) production in Azospirillum brasilense strain Sp245 is controlled by a 85 MDa plasmid naturally present in this bacterium. In the presence of L-tryptophan, anthranilic acid production and almost no IAA production occurs in a derivative strain harbouring a Tn5-Mob insertion in the 85 MDa plasmid. Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain(More)
This paper reviews the results obtained in studies of the extracellular polysaccharides, lipopolysaccharide-protein complexes, polysaccharide-lipid complexes, lipopolysaccharides, and O-specific polysaccharides from bacteria of the genus Azospirillum. On the basis of present knowledge, the possible roles of the extracellular polysaccharides and(More)
Fully unadenylylated glutamine synthetase (GS) from the endophytic bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 was isolated and purified. The enzyme was electrophoretically homogeneous and contained strongly bound metal ions, which could not be removed by dialysis. Mn2+, Mg2+, and Co2+ were found to be effective in supporting biosynthetic activity of the A.(More)