Vladimir Torchilin

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Liposomes — microscopic phospholipid bubbles with a bilayered membrane structure — have received a lot of attention during the past 30 years as pharmaceutical carriers of great potential. More recently, many new developments have been seen in the area of liposomal drugs — from clinically approved products to new experimental applications, with gene delivery(More)
Injectable nanoparticulate carriers have important potential applications such as site-specific drug delivery or medical imaging. Conventional carriers, however, cannot generally be used because they are eliminated by the reticulo-endothelial system within seconds or minutes after intravenous injection. To address these limitations, monodisperse(More)
Novel anti-neoplastic agents such as gene targeting vectors and encapsulated carriers are quite large (approximately 100-300 nm in diameter). An understanding of the functional size and physiological regulation of transvascular pathways is necessary to optimize delivery of these agents. Here we analyze the functional limits of transvascular transport and(More)
Incorporation of dioleoyl N-(monomethoxy polyethyleneglycol succinyl)phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE) into large unilamellar liposomes composed of egg phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (1:1) does not significantly increase the content leakage when the liposomes are exposed to 90% human serum at 37 degrees C, yet the liposomes show a significant increase in(More)
The use of various pharmaceutical nanocarriers has become one of the most important areas of nanomedicine. Ideally, such carriers should be specifically delivered (targeted) to the pathological area to provide the maximum therapeutic efficacy. Among the many potential targets for such nanocarriers, tumors have been most often investigated. This review(More)
Molecular size is one of the key determinants of transvascular transport of therapeutic agents in tumors. However, there are no data in the literature on the molecular size dependence of microvascular permeability in tumors. Therefore, we measured microvascular permeability to various macromolecules in the human colon adenocarcinoma LS174T transplanted in(More)
Dioleoyl-N-(monomethoxy polyethyleneglycol succinyl)-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE) (mol. wt. of PEG = 5000), an amphipathic polymer, can be incorporated into the liposome membrane and significantly prolong the blood circulation time of the liposome. As little as 3.7 mol% of PEG-PE in liposome resulted in maximal enhancement of liposome circulation time.(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have been previously shown to be powerful transport vector tools for the intracellular delivery of a large variety of cargoes through the cell membrane. Intracellular delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA), oligonucleotides, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), proteins and peptides, contrast agents, drugs, as well as various(More)
To develop targeted pharmaceutical carriers additionally capable of responding to certain local stimuli, such as decreased pH values in tumors or infarcts, targeted long-circulating PEGylated liposomes and PEG-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE)-based micelles have been prepared with several functions. First, they are capable of targeting a specific cell or(More)
Over the last decade, significant progress has been made in the field of drug delivery. The advent of engineered nanoparticles has allowed us to circumvent the initial limitations to drug delivery such as pharmacokinetics and solubility. However, in spite of significant advances to tumor targeting, an effective treatment strategy for malignant tumors still(More)