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(A) We study in this paper some connections between the Fra¨ıssé theory of amalgamation classes and ultrahomogeneous structures, Ramsey theory, and topological dynamics of automorphism groups of countable structures. A prime concern of topological dynamics is the study of continuous actions of (Hausdorff) topological groups G on (Hausdorff) compact spaces… (More)

- VLADIMIR PESTOV, V. PESTOV
- 1999

This is an account of one man's view of the current perspective of theory of topological groups. We survey some recent developments which are, from our viewpoint, indicative of the future directions, concentrating on actions of topologi-cal groups on compacta, embeddings of topological groups, free topological groups, and 'massive' groups (such as groups of… (More)

- Vladimir Pestov
- Bulletin of Symbolic Logic
- 2008

This is an introductory survey of the emerging theory of two new classes of (discrete, countable) groups, called hyperlinear and sofic groups. They can be characterized as subgroups of metric ultraproducts of families of, respectively, uni-tary groups U (n) and symmetric groups S n , n ∈ N. Hyperlinear groups come from theory of operator algebras (Connes'… (More)

- Ilya Volnyansky, Vladimir Pestov
- 2009 Second International Workshop on Similarity…
- 2009

We offer a theoretical validation of the curse of dimensionality in the pivot-based indexing of datasets for similarity search, by proving, in the framework of statistical learning, that in high dimensions no pivot-based indexing scheme can essentially outperform the linear scan. A study of the asymptotic performance of pivot-based indexing schemes is… (More)

- VLADIMIR PESTOV, V. PESTOV
- 2008

In this paper we further study links between concentration of measure in topological transformation groups, existence of fixed points, and Ramsey-type theorems for metric spaces. We prove that whenever the group Iso (U) of isome-tries of Urysohn's universal complete separable metric space U, equipped with the compact-open topology, acts upon an arbitrary… (More)

- Vladimir Pestov
- Inf. Process. Lett.
- 2000

We suggest that the curse of dimensionality affecting the similarity-based search in large datasets is a manifestation of the phenomenon of concentration of measure on high-dimensional structures. We prove that, under certain geometric assumptions on the query domain Ω and the dataset X, if Ω satisfies the so-called concentration property, then for most… (More)

(A) We study in this paper some connections between the Fra¨ıssé theory of amalgamation classes and ultrahomogeneous structures, Ramsey theory, and topological dynamics of automorphism groups of countable structures. A prime concern of topological dynamics is the study of continuous actions of (Haus-dorff) topological groups G on (Hausdorff) compact spaces… (More)

- Markus Hegland, Vladimir Pestov
- ArXiv
- 1999

We discuss some aspects of approximating functions on high-dimensional data sets with additive functions or ANOVA decompositions, that is, sums of functions depending on fewer variables each. It is seen that under appropriate smoothness conditions, the errors of the ANOVA decompositions are of order O(n m/2) for indendent predictor variables and… (More)

- V. PESTOV
- 1997

This small survey of basic universal constructions related to the actions of topological groups on compacta is centred around a new result — an intrinsic description of extremely amenable topological groups (i.e., those having a fixed point in each compactum they act upon), solving a 1967 problem by Granirer. Another old problem whose solution (in the… (More)

- Vladimir Pestov
- 2005

We prove that the isometry group Iso (U) of the universal Urysohn metric space U equipped with the natural Polish topology is a Lévy group in the sense of Gromov and Milman, that is, admits an approximating chain of compact (in fact, finite) subgroups , exhibiting the phenomenon of concentration of measure. This strengthens an earlier result by Vershik… (More)