Vladimir Nekrassov

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The effect of carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproate, oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine and topiramate, that are among the most widely used antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), and of the new putative AED vinpocetine on the Ca(2+) channel-mediated release of [(3)H]Glu evoked by high K(+) in hippocampal isolated nerve endings was investigated. Results show that carbamazepine,(More)
Several of the most effective antiepileptic drugs are believed to stop the paroxysmal neuronal activity acting as Na(+) channel blockers. However, no single study comparing in parallel the potency and efficacy of the most commonly used antiepileptic drugs on brain Na(+) channel-mediated responses is available. In the present study the effects of increasing(More)
The effect of vinpocetine, a nootropic drug with anti-ischemic potential, on the release of DA and its main metabolite, DOPAC, was investigated in striatum isolated nerve endings under resting and depolarized conditions. Vinpocetine does not modify the baseline release of DA or the exocytotic release of DA evoked by high K(+), but inhibits the release of DA(More)
The simultaneous effect of MK-801 on the baseline- and depolarization (20 microM veratridine or 30 mM high K+)-evoked release of endogenous dopamine, glutamate (Glu), aspartate (Asp), and GABA is investigated in the same preparation of rat striatum isolated nerve endings. MK-801, in the microM range, selectively increases the baseline and high K+(More)
In order to investigate a potential anticonvulsive action of sertraline (i.p.), its effects on seizures, EEG epileptiform activity and EEG amplitude increases induced by two convulsive agents were evaluated and compared with the effects of carbamazepine. Around 20 min following 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, 2.5 mg/kg, i.p.), tonic-clonic seizures and epileptiform(More)
The effects of vinpocetine on internal Na+ (Nai), cAMP accumulation, internal Ca2+ (Cai) and excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters release, under resting and under depolarized conditions, was investigated in rat striatum synaptosomes. Veratridine (20 μM) or high K+ (30 mM) were used as depolarizing agents. Results show that vinpocetine in the low μM range(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to investigate if the sodium channel blocker and memory enhancer, vinpocetine, was capable to overcome the epileptic cortical activity, the abnormalities in the later waves of the auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and the hearing loss induced by 4-AP at a convulsing dose in the guinea pig in vivo. METHODS(More)
The objective of this study was to get a more understandable picture of the mechanism underlying the anticonvulsant action of vinpocetine. The question of how the cerebral excitability is affected was investigated by determining the effect of vinpocetine on the changes on the internal concentrations of Na(+) (Na(i)) and Ca(2+) (Ca(i)) induced by different(More)
Here we investigate the effect of the neuroprotective drug, vinpocetine on the epileptic cortical activity, on the alterations of the later waves of brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) and on the hearing decline induced by the convulsing agent, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Vinpocetine at doses from 2 to 10 mg/kg inhibits the tonic-clonic convulsions(More)
The single and combined effects of carbamazepine and vinpocetine on the release of the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter glutamate, on the rise in internal Na+ (Na(i), as determined with SBFI), and on the rise in internal Ca2+ (Ca(i), as determined with fura-2) induced by an increased permeability of presynaptic Na+ channels, with veratridine, or by an(More)