Vladimir N. Uversky

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"Natively unfolded" proteins occupy a unique niche within the protein kingdom in that they lack ordered structure under conditions of neutral pH in vitro. Analysis of amino acid sequences, based on the normalized net charge and mean hydrophobicity, has been applied to two sets of proteins: small globular folded proteins and "natively unfolded" ones. The(More)
The experimental material accumulated in the literature on the conformational behavior of intrinsically unstructured (natively unfolded) proteins was analyzed. Results of this analysis showed that these proteins do not possess uniform structural properties, as expected for members of a single thermodynamic entity. Rather, these proteins may be divided into(More)
Protein intrinsic disorder is becoming increasingly recognized in proteomics research. While lacking structure, many regions of disorder have been associated with biological function. There are many different experimental methods for characterizing intrinsically disordered proteins and regions; nevertheless, the prediction of intrinsic disorder from amino(More)
The Database of Protein Disorder (DisProt) links structure and function information for intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs). Intrinsically disordered proteins do not form a fixed three-dimensional structure under physiological conditions, either in their entireties or in segments or regions. We define IDP as a protein that contains at least one(More)
This review describes the family of intrinsically disordered proteins, members of which fail to form rigid 3-D structures under physiological conditions, either along their entire lengths or only in localized regions. Instead, these intriguing proteins/regions exist as dynamic ensembles within which atom positions and backbone Ramachandran angles exhibit(More)
Intracellular proteinaceous aggregates (Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites) of alpha-synuclein are hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple systemic atrophy. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying alpha-synuclein aggregation into such filamentous inclusions remain unknown. An intriguing(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) gate the only conduits for nucleocytoplasmic transport in eukaryotes. Their gate is formed by nucleoporins containing large intrinsically disordered domains with multiple phenylalanine-glycine repeats (FG domains). In combination, these are hypothesized to form a structurally and chemically homogeneous network of random coils(More)
Parkinson's disease involves the aggregation of alpha-synuclein to form fibrils, which are the major constituent of intracellular protein inclusions (Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites) in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. Occupational exposure to specific metals, especially manganese, copper, lead, iron, mercury, zinc, aluminum, appears to be a risk(More)
The recent advances in the prediction of intrinsically disordered proteins and the use of protein disorder prediction in the fields of molecular biology and bioinformatics are reviewed here, especially with regard to protein function. First, a close look is taken at intrinsically disordered proteins and then at the methods used for their experimental(More)
Nuclear transport proceeds through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) that are embedded in the nuclear envelope of eukaryotic cells. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae NPC is comprised of 30 nucleoporins (Nups), 13 of which contain phenylalanine-glycine repeats (FG Nups) that bind karyopherins and facilitate the transport of karyopherin-cargo complexes. Here, we(More)