Vladimir N. Malashkevich

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Oligomerization by the formation of alpha-helical bundles is common in many proteins. The crystal structure of a parallel pentameric coiled coil, constituting the oligomerization domain in the cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), was determined at 2.05 angstroms resolution. The same structure probably occurs in two other extracellular matrix(More)
The HIV-1 gp41 protein promotes viral entry by mediating the fusion of viral and cellular membranes. A prominent pocket on the surface of a central trimeric coiled coil within gp41 was previously identified as a potential target for drugs that inhibit HIV-1 entry. We designed a peptide, IQN17, which properly presents this pocket. Utilizing IQN17 and(More)
Most GFP-like fluorescent proteins exhibit small Stokes shifts (10-45 nm) due to rigidity of the chromophore environment that excludes non-fluorescent relaxation to a ground state. An unusual near-infrared derivative of the red fluorescent protein mKate, named TagRFP675, exhibits the Stokes shift, which is 30 nm extended comparing to that of the parental(More)
A subclass of fluorescent proteins (FPs), large Stokes shift (LSS) FP, are characterized by increased spread between excitation and emission maxima. We report a photoswitchable variant of a red FP with an LSS, PSLSSmKate, which initially exhibits excitation and emission at 445 and 622 nm, but violet irradiation photoswitches PSLSSmKate into a common red(More)
Fusion of the viral and host cell membranes is a necessary first step for infection by enveloped viruses and is mediated by the envelope glycoprotein. The transmembrane subunits from the structurally defined "class I" glycoproteins adopt an α-helical "trimer-of-hairpins" conformation during the fusion pathway. Here, we present our studies on the envelope(More)
The crystal structure of chicken cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase (cAATase; EC 2.6.1.1) has been solved and refined at 1.9 A resolution. Orthorhombic crystals, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 56.4 A, b = 126.0 A and c = 142.3 A, were grown from polyethylene glycol solutions in the presence of maleate, a dicarboxylic inhibitor that forms a Michaelis-like(More)
A structural analysis of the recently developed orange fluorescent proteins with novel phenotypes, LSSmOrange (λex/λem at 437/572 nm), PSmOrange (λex/λem at 548/565 nm and for photoconverted form at 636/662 nm) and PSmOrange2 (λex/λem at 546/561 nm and for photoconverted form at 619/651 nm), is presented. The obtained crystallographic structures provide an(More)
1995; Lu et al., 1995) as seen in the X-ray crystal structure of a protease-resistant core of gp41 (Chan et al. unclear whether hairpin formation occurs before, or si-Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research multaneously with, the actual fusion of the two bilayers. Department of Biology The trimer-of-hairpins structure is a common feature Massachusetts(More)
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