Learn More
Formation of nitric oxide-derived oxidants has been linked to development of atherosclerosis and associated thrombotic complications. Although systemic levels of protein nitrotyrosine predict risk for coronary artery disease, neither specific proteins targeted for modification nor functional consequences that might contribute to disease pathogenesis have(More)
We have previously demonstrated the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cultured bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAECs) and in isolated perfused rat lungs exposed to high K+ and during global lung ischemia. The present study evaluates the NADPH oxidase pathway as a source of ROS in these models. ROS production, detected by oxidation(More)
Endocytosis in endothelial cells (ECs) is important for many biomedical applications, including drug delivery by nano- and microscale carriers. However, little is known about how carrier geometry influences endothelial drug targeting, intracellular trafficking, and effects. We studied this using prototype polymer carriers of various sizes (0.1-10 mum) and(More)
Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems have been developed to improve the efficacy and reduce the systemic toxicity of a wide range of drugs. Although clinically approved nanoparticles have consistently shown value in reducing drug toxicity, their use has not always translated into improved clinical outcomes. This has led to the development of(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Vascular delivery of several classes of therapeutic agents may benefit from carriage by red blood cells (RBC), for example, drugs that require delivery into phagocytic cells and those that must act within the vascular lumen. The fact that several protocols of infusion of RBC-encapsulated drugs are now being explored in patients(More)
Targeted drug delivery to endothelial cells lining the vascular lumen will provide effective, precise and safe therapeutic interventions for treatment of diverse disease conditions. Rational design of such drug delivery systems (DDS) includes the following intertwined tasks: 1) selection of proper target determinants on endothelial surfaces, such as cell(More)
Conjugating tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) to red blood cells (RBCs) endows it with features useful for thromboprophylaxis. However, the optimal intensity and duration of thromboprophylaxis vary among clinical settings. To assess how the intrinsic properties of a plasminogen activator (PA) affect functions of the corresponding RBC/PA conjugate, we(More)
We have previously shown that increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation occurs with ischemia in the oxygenated lung and have hypothesized that mechanotransduction is the initiating event. In the present study, we developed an in vitro model of oxygenated ischemia by interrupting medium flow to flow-adapted bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells(More)
1-Cys peroxiredoxin (1-cysPrx) is a novel antioxidant enzyme able to reduce phospholipid hydroperoxides in vitro by using glutathione as a reductant. This enzyme is widely expressed and is enriched in lungs. A fusion protein of green fluorescent protein with 1-cysPrx was stably expressed in a lung-derived cell line (NCI-H441) lacking endogenous enzyme.(More)
Recent reports indicate that bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) and cytokines elicit a more profound increase in the surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in cultured endothelial cells derived from spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) versus normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Our objective in this study was to characterize(More)