Learn More
We have previously demonstrated the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cultured bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAECs) and in isolated perfused rat lungs exposed to high K+ and during global lung ischemia. The present study evaluates the NADPH oxidase pathway as a source of ROS in these models. ROS production, detected by oxidation(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the effects of exogenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in traumatic brain injury (TBI).We tested two different tPA formulations, free tPA and tPA bound to erythrocytes (RBC/tPA).Vehicle and each of the tPA treatments were injected intravenously into anesthetized rats 15 min after moderate lateral fluid percussion(More)
Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems have been developed to improve the efficacy and reduce the systemic toxicity of a wide range of drugs. Although clinically approved nanoparticles have consistently shown value in reducing drug toxicity, their use has not always translated into improved clinical outcomes. This has led to the development of(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. While tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) remains the only FDA-approved treatment for ischemic stroke, clinical use of tPA has been constrained to roughly 3% of eligible patients because of the danger of intracranial hemorrhage and a narrow 3 h time window for safe administration. Basic science(More)
The sole Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for acute stroke is tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), but tPA aggravates impairment of cerebrovasodilation during hypotension in a newborn pig photothrombotic model of stroke. Coupling to carrier red blood cells (RBC) enhances thrombolytic effects of tPA, while reducing its side effects. ATP-(More)
Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for patients surviving the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm. Despite an association between vasospasm and DCI, thrombosis and thromboembolism may also contribute to DCI. In this study we investigate the time course of intravascular microclot formation after experimental(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrovascular thrombosis is a major source of morbidity and mortality after surgery, but thromboprophylaxis in this setting is limited because of the formidable risk of perioperative bleeding. Thrombolytics (eg, tissue-type plasminogen activator [tPA]) cannot be used prophylactically in this high-risk setting because of their short duration of(More)
Targeting of diagnostic and therapeutic agents to endothelial cells (ECs) provides an avenue to improve treatment of many maladies. For example, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), a constitutive endothelial cell adhesion molecule up-regulated in many diseases, is a good determinant for endothelial targeting of therapeutic enzymes and polymer(More)
We have previously shown that increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation occurs with ischemia in the oxygenated lung and have hypothesized that mechanotransduction is the initiating event. In the present study, we developed an in vitro model of oxygenated ischemia by interrupting medium flow to flow-adapted bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a target for drug delivery to endothelial cells (ECs), which internalize multivalent anti-ICAM nanocarriers (anti-ICAM/NCs) within 15 to 30 minutes. The concomitant ICAM-1 disappearance from the EC surface transiently inhibited subsequent binding and uptake of anti-ICAM/NCs. Within 1 hour, internalized ICAM-1(More)