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Although gel-based microchips offer significant advantages over two-dimensional arrays, their use has been impeded by the lack of an efficient manufacturing procedure. Here we describe two simple, fast, and reproducible methods of fabrication of DNA gel drop microchips. In the first, copolymerization method, unsaturated groups are chemically attached to(More)
Three new molecular approaches were developed to identify drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using biochips with oligonucleotides immobilized in polyacrylamide gel pads. These approaches are significantly faster than traditional bacteriological methods. All three approaches-hybridization, PCR, and ligase detection reaction--were designed(More)
To characterize polymorphisms of the subtype A protease in the former Soviet Union, proviral DNA samples were obtained, with informed consent, from 119 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-positive untreated injecting drug users (IDUs) from 16 regions. All individuals studied have never been treated with antiretroviral drugs. The isolates were(More)
A method for species-specific detection of orthopoxviruses pathogenic for humans and animals is described. The method is based on hybridization of a fluorescently labeled amplified DNA specimen with the oligonucleotide DNA probes immobilized on a microchip (MAGIChip). The probes identify species-specific sites within the crmB gene encoding the viral(More)
A molecular approach was developed to identify drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by means of biochips with oligonucleotides immobilised in polyacrylamide gel pads. The technique was based on multiplex PCR, followed by hybridisation on an oligonucleotide microarray, and detected > 95% of rifampicin-resistant and c. 80% of(More)
We describe a novel microarray-based approach for simultaneous identification and quantification of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV) in donor plasma specimens. The method is based on multiplex real-time RT-PCR performed within the microarray hydrogel pads. Double-stranded amplification products are(More)
We developed a method of identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with simultaneous evaluation of the sensitivity to fluoroquinolones on a biological microchip array. The method of multiplex two-staged PCR followed by hybridization of a biochip makes it possible to detect 8 mutant variants of gyrA gene occurring in fluoroquinolone-resistant strains(More)
BACKGROUND The steady rise in the spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) requires rapid and reliable methods to identify resistant strains. The current molecular methods to detect MTB resistance to second-line drugs either do not cover an extended spectrum of mutations to be identified or are(More)
PCR amplification on a microarray of gel-immobilized primers (microchip) has been developed. One of a pair of PCR primers was immobilized inside a separate microchip polyacrylamide porous gel pad of 0.1 x 0.1 x 0.02 (or 0.04) micron in size and 0.2 (or 0.4) nL in volume. The amplification was carried out simultaneously both in solution covering the(More)